What Does the Bible Say About Abortion Pro Choice?

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The issue surrounding abortion and in particular, the pro-choice stance, is a contemporary topic that continues to spark heated debates globally. But what about from a religious perspective? More specifically, what does the Bible say about abortion pro choice?

Understanding the Concept of Abortion Pro Choice

Before delving into the biblical perspective, it is crucial to begin by comprehending what the term ‘abortion pro choice’ implies. In general, it refers to the belief that a woman has the right to decide whether or not to carry a pregnancy to term.

However, the concept of abortion pro choice goes beyond a simple binary choice. It encompasses a complex web of ethical, moral, and legal considerations that have been debated and scrutinized for decades.

Defining Abortion Pro Choice

Abortion pro choice, also popularly known as ‘pro choice,’ champions for the woman’s autonomy regarding their reproductive health. This standpoint argues that women should have the ultimate say regarding their bodies, including making decisions about pregnancies.

It is rooted in the belief that unless the woman is ready to have a child, emotionally, financially, physically, or otherwise, she should not be forced to have one. This belief ultimately allows a woman the right to choose to have an abortion.

However, the pro-choice movement is not solely focused on the act of abortion itself. It also advocates for comprehensive reproductive healthcare, access to contraception, and comprehensive sex education. These elements are seen as crucial in empowering women to make informed decisions about their reproductive lives.

The History and Evolution of Abortion Rights

Increasingly liberal attitudes towards women’s reproductive rights emerged with the Women’s Liberation Movement in the late 1960s, sparking the initial sprouts of the pro-choice movement. It was during this period that abortion rights became a predominant issue.

As women fought for equality and autonomy, the pro-choice movement gained momentum and support. Activists and organizations worked tirelessly to challenge restrictive laws and societal stigmas surrounding abortion.

The landmark case, Roe v. Wade in 1973, legalized abortion across the United States, emphasising the right to privacy, thus acting as a significant victory for the pro-choice ideology.

Since then, the pro-choice movement has continued to evolve and adapt to changing social and political landscapes. It has faced numerous challenges, including attempts to limit access to abortion services and the rise of anti-abortion movements.

Despite these challenges, the pro-choice movement remains resilient, advocating for reproductive justice and ensuring that women have the right to make decisions about their own bodies.


The concept of abortion pro choice is a multifaceted and deeply debated topic. It encompasses not only the right to choose to have an abortion but also the broader issues of reproductive healthcare and women’s autonomy. Understanding the history and evolution of abortion rights is crucial in comprehending the complexities surrounding this topic.

Biblical Perspectives on Abortion

When exploring any topic from a religious perspective, it’s key to refer to the religious texts. For the context of this article, we turn to the Christian Bible.

The Bible, as a complex and multifaceted collection of texts, offers a range of perspectives on various ethical issues. Abortion, a topic of great significance and debate in today’s society, is no exception. While the Bible does not explicitly address abortion, it contains passages that are often interpreted and debated in relation to the issue.

Old Testament References and Interpretations

The Old Testament, also known as the Hebrew Bible, does not directly address abortion. However, certain passages are often examined and interpreted in relation to the topic. One such passage is Exodus 21:22-25, which describes a situation where a pregnant woman is struck, causing her to miscarry. In this scenario, only fines are required as compensation.

Interpretations of this passage vary, with some arguing that it implies the fetus’s life is not equivalent to a person’s life. However, it is important to note that these interpretations are heavily debated and by no means universally agreed upon.

Another passage that is sometimes considered in relation to abortion is Psalm 139:13-16, where the psalmist reflects on God’s intimate knowledge of the individual even before birth. This passage has been interpreted by some as suggesting the recognition of personhood and a divine plan for every individual before they are born.

New Testament Views on Abortion

The New Testament, which focuses on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ, also does not explicitly mention abortion. However, there are passages that are often examined and interpreted in relation to the topic.

One such passage is Jeremiah 1:5, where God says, “Before I formed you in the womb I knew you.” This verse is often interpreted as implying a sense of personhood and divine plan for every individual even before their physical existence begins.

Additionally, the New Testament emphasizes the value and sanctity of human life. Jesus’ teachings, such as the commandment to love one’s neighbor as oneself, have been interpreted by some as reflecting a reverence for life in all its stages, including the preborn.

It is important to note that while the Bible provides insights into various ethical issues, including abortion, the interpretation and application of these insights vary among different Christian denominations and individuals. Christians approach the topic of abortion from a range of perspectives, influenced by their understanding of Scripture, theological traditions, and personal convictions.

The Bible and the Concept of Life

Another approach to understanding the biblical stance of abortion stems from understanding how the Bible defines and values life.

When we delve into the biblical definitions of life, we find a rich tapestry of beliefs and teachings that shed light on the topic. The book of Genesis, for example, informs us that God created man in His image. This profound assertion has been interpreted by many to mean that every human life, from conception to natural death, carries a divine imprint. In other words, each person is intricately connected to their Creator and possesses inherent value and worth.

Expanding on this notion, we can explore the idea that life, as defined by the Bible, is not merely a biological phenomenon but a spiritual and sacred one as well. The sanctity of life is a recurring theme throughout biblical texts, emphasizing the inherent value and significance of every individual. For instance, Psalms 139:16 implies that God has a plan for every person, even before they are born. This verse, along with many others, affirms that life is a sacred gift from God and should be treated as such.

However, when applying these verses to the abortion debate, we encounter diverse interpretations regarding the start of life and the morality of ending a pregnancy. The complexities of this issue cannot be easily resolved, as different individuals and religious groups hold varying beliefs and understandings.

It is important to note that the Bible does not explicitly address the topic of abortion, leaving room for interpretation and debate among scholars and believers. Some argue that the Bible’s teachings on the sanctity of life imply a prohibition of abortion, while others believe that the Bible’s silence on the matter allows for personal discernment and decision-making.

Moreover, the concept of life itself is multifaceted and encompasses more than just the physical existence. The Bible speaks of spiritual life, eternal life, and the transformative power of God’s grace. These aspects of life add depth and complexity to the discussion, prompting individuals to consider not only the physical aspects of existence but also the spiritual and moral dimensions.

Therefore, when examining the biblical stance on abortion, it is crucial to approach the topic with sensitivity, respect, and a willingness to engage in thoughtful dialogue. Understanding the various perspectives and interpretations can foster a deeper appreciation for the complexities of life and faith, ultimately leading to greater compassion and understanding.

Pro Choice Arguments from a Biblical Standpoint

Not all Christians share the same understanding or interpretation of the Bible, and as such, some argue for a pro-choice approach based on biblical passages.

Biblical Passages Used in Pro Choice Arguments

Pro-choice Christians often quote passages that emphasize free will and individual agency. For example, in the book of Deuteronomy, God tells the people to “choose life,” suggestive not of a command but rather a choice that is left to individuals.

The Role of Free Will in the Bible

God’s granting free will to people is a critical aspect of Christian theology. This acknowledgment of human agency has been interpreted to indicate God’s intention for people to make personal life decisions, including those related to reproduction and abortion.

Counterarguments: Pro Life Views and the Bible

On the other side of the debate, many Christians hold pro-life views, interpreting the Bible passages to affirm the sanctity and value of life from the stage of conception.

Biblical Passages Used in Pro Life Arguments

Verses such as Psalms 139:13-16 and Jeremiah 1:5 are often cited, emphasising that God knew us before we were formed in the womb. These passages are interpreted as God valuing life from the earliest stages of development.

The Concept of Sin and Abortion

From a pro-life perspective, abortion could be perceived as a sin because it terminates a life that God intended and knew before it was formed. However, it’s important to note that concepts of sin vary among Christians, and interpretations often diverge.

In conclusion, while the Bible does not directly address the issue of abortion, Christians interpret various passages to form both pro-choice and pro-life views. Ultimately, the question ‘What does the Bible say about abortion pro choice?’ doesn’t have a single answer, opening up room for ongoing conversation and interpretation.


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