What Does The Bible Say About Being A Wife?

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A woman standing in front of a large open bible

The Bible provides a wealth of wisdom and guidance for all areas of life, including marriage. However, understanding what the Bible truly says about the role of a wife can be challenging due to cultural and historical differences. This article aims to shed light on this matter, drawing from various scriptures, narratives, and teachings within the Bible.

Understanding the Biblical Definition of a Wife

To fully understand the Biblical perspective of being a wife, we must first understand the context within which the Bible describes it. This conception started from the very beginning, with the creation of the first woman, Eve.

The Creation of Eve: The First Wife

In the book of Genesis, Eve was created from one of Adam’s ribs, signifying that a wife is not to be dominated by her husband nor is she to dominate her husband. Instead, she is to stand alongside her husband as an equal, a partner, a friend, and a companion.

This relationship was intended to be one of mutual love, respect, and support. In fact, upon seeing Eve, Adam exclaims, “This is now bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh.”

Eve’s creation from Adam’s rib also symbolizes the unity and interconnectedness of husband and wife. Just as the rib is close to Adam’s heart, so should a wife be close to her husband’s heart, sharing in his joys and sorrows, dreams and aspirations.

Furthermore, the choice of a rib as the source of Eve’s creation highlights the idea that a wife is meant to protect and nurture her husband, just as the rib protects vital organs. This emphasizes the importance of a wife’s role in providing emotional support, encouragement, and stability in the marital relationship.

Biblical Verses Defining a Wife’s Role

Several other scriptures throughout the Bible provide further clarity on the role of a wife. For example, in Ephesians 5:22-33, wives are called to submit to their husbands ‘as unto the Lord.’ However, this is not a dictatorial command, but a call to a selfless, sacrificial love that reflects the relationship between Christ and the church.

This passage emphasizes the importance of mutual submission and love within the marital relationship. It highlights the husband’s responsibility to love his wife as Christ loved the church, and the wife’s role in respecting and supporting her husband’s leadership.

In Proverbs 31:10-31, the Bible provides a detailed description of a virtuous wife who is hardworking, wise, kind, and fears the Lord. This passage indicates that the role of a wife extends beyond merely being a helper to encompass other multi-faceted responsibilities.

A virtuous wife described in Proverbs 31 is portrayed as a woman of strength and dignity. She is not only a capable homemaker but also a shrewd businesswoman, investing in land and making profitable trades. She is known for her wisdom, kindness, and generosity, and her fear of the Lord is her guiding principle.

This passage serves as a reminder that a wife’s role is not limited to domestic duties but encompasses a wide range of skills, talents, and virtues. It emphasizes the importance of a wife’s contribution to her family, community, and society as a whole.

Understanding the Biblical definition of a wife involves recognizing the complexity and depth of this role. It is a calling to be a loving companion, a supportive partner, a nurturing caregiver, and a wise steward of resources. It is a role that requires strength, wisdom, and a deep reverence for God.

The Duties and Responsibilities of a Wife According to the Bible

With the Biblical definition of a wife in mind, it is important to delve into some of the distinct roles that a wife is expected to fulfill according to scriptures.

However, it is essential to note that the roles of a wife in the Bible extend far beyond these three mentioned here. The Bible provides a comprehensive guide for wives, offering wisdom and guidance for every aspect of their lives.

The Wife as a Helper

In Genesis 2:18, God sees that it is not good for man to be alone and decides to make a ‘helper’ suitable for him. This term has been widely misunderstood and often reduced to a subordinate role. However, the original Hebrew term ‘ezer’ carries the connotation of an essential counterpart who provides strength, support, and counsel. It emphasizes the complementary relationship between husband and wife.

A wife, as a helper, plays a crucial role in her husband’s life. She stands by his side, offering encouragement, guidance, and assistance in various areas. Whether it is supporting him in his career, helping him make important decisions, or simply being there to listen and provide emotional support, a wife’s role as a helper is dynamic and multifaceted.

Furthermore, a wife’s role as a helper is not limited to her relationship with her husband alone. She can also extend her helping hand to others in need, such as friends, family, and members of her community. By embodying the qualities of compassion, empathy, and kindness, a wife can make a significant impact on the lives of those around her.

The Wife as a Homemaker

In Titus 2:4-5, older women are encouraged to guide the younger ones to love their husbands and children, to be self-controlled and pure, to be busy at home, to be kind, and to be subject to their husbands. This passage, however, does not imply that a wife’s sole function is domestic. Instead, it means to manage the family affairs wisely and effectively.

A wife’s role as a homemaker involves creating a warm and nurturing environment for her family. This includes not only taking care of the physical needs of her household but also cultivating an atmosphere of love, joy, and peace. A wife can create a welcoming home by decorating it with care, preparing delicious meals, and ensuring that the needs of her family members are met.

Moreover, a wife’s role as a homemaker extends beyond the physical aspects of the home. She is also responsible for fostering strong familial relationships, promoting open communication, and instilling values and morals in her children. By creating a loving and supportive home, a wife can contribute to the overall well-being and happiness of her family.

The Wife as a Mother

One of the primary roles of a wife is to be a mother, which involves not only giving birth but also raising children in the ways of the Lord. In Proverbs 22:6, the Bible stresses the significance of teaching children the right path so that when they grow older, they will not depart from it.

A wife’s role as a mother is a sacred and precious one. She has the privilege of nurturing and shaping the lives of her children, instilling in them values, principles, and a deep-rooted faith. Through her love, guidance, and example, a mother can have a profound impact on the character development and spiritual growth of her children.

Furthermore, a wife’s role as a mother extends beyond the early years of her children’s lives. As they grow older, she continues to provide guidance, support, and encouragement, helping them navigate the challenges and complexities of adulthood. A mother’s love is unwavering and enduring, and she is always there to offer a listening ear, a comforting embrace, and words of wisdom.

In conclusion, the duties and responsibilities of a wife according to the Bible encompass a wide range of roles. From being a helper and a homemaker to a mother, a wife’s role is multifaceted and significant. By embracing these roles with love, dedication, and a commitment to following God’s guidance, a wife can fulfill her purpose and contribute to the well-being and happiness of her family and community.

The Virtuous Wife in Proverbs 31

The book of Proverbs concludes with an eloquent depiction of a virtuous wife. Her value is described as far exceeding that of jewels and her character is marked by strength, dignity, wisdom, and kindness.

Characteristics of a Virtuous Wife

A virtuous wife is not idle, but works diligently for her household. In fact, she rises while it is still night to provide food for her family. She willingly works with her hands and considers a field and buys it. She also extends her hands to the poor and reaches out her hands to the needy.

Additionally, she conducts her affairs with wisdom and kindness, which are highly prized virtues in the Bible. These qualities give her the ability to speak wisely and teach kindness, demonstrating her capability as a role model and influencer within her family and community.

The Virtuous Wife’s Relationship with Her Husband

The Proverbs 31 Wife is also portrayed as having a beneficial and supportive relationship with her husband. She is so trustworthy and effective in managing the household that her husband has full confidence in her and he lacks nothing of value.

Biblical Examples of Noteworthy Wives

Throughout the Bible, there are numerous instances of noteworthy wives, whose stories provide lessons of faith, obedience, courage, and wisdom.

Sarah: Wife of Abraham

Sarah was the wife of Abraham and the mother of Isaac. Her story is one of great faith, as she believed God’s promises even when circumstances seemed impossible. In Hebrews 11, she is honored in the “Hall of Faith” for her unwavering belief.

Ruth: A Model of Loyalty and Devotion

Ruth, a Moabite woman, is renowned for her loyalty and devotion to her mother-in-law, Naomi. She is also known for her hard work and determination to provide for Naomi, which ultimately leads to her own marital blessing.

Esther: A Wife of Courage and Wisdom

Esther is often celebrated for her bravery and wisdom. She cunningly unveils a plot to massacre the Jews to her husband, the king, thereby saving her people. Esther’s story is a potent reminder of how a wise and brave wife can make a significant impact.

Navigating Challenges in Marriage: Biblical Guidance

Marriage as a profound and fulfilling companionship also includes its own set of challenges. Thankfully, the Bible offers wisdom on how to navigate these difficulties in a godly manner.

Dealing with Conflict in a Godly Manner

Conflict is a part of any relationship, including marriage. Ephesians 4:26-27 encourages us not to let the sun go down while we are still angry, which emphasizes the importance of addressing and resolving conflicts promptly.

The Importance of Forgiveness in Marriage

Another critical aspect of dealing with conflict in marriage is forgiveness. In Matthew 18:21-22, Jesus teaches us to forgive not just seven times, but seventy times seven. This underscores the necessity of forgiveness as a central component of any thriving marriage.

Ultimately, the role of a wife in the Bible involves being a helpmate, homemaker, and mother. However, it extends far beyond these roles to encom-pass virtues such as wisdom, kindness, strength, and bravery.


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