What Does The Bible Say About Communion?

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A communion table with a chalice and bread on it

Communion is a sacred practice observed by Christians around the world. Also known as the Eucharist or the Lord’s Supper, it holds great significance in the Christian faith. In this article, we will dive deep into the concept of communion and explore what the Bible has to say about it.

Understanding the Concept of Communion

Before we delve into the biblical perspective on communion, let’s first understand what it entails. Communion is a sacrament performed in Christian churches, wherein believers partake in bread and wine (or grape juice) as symbols of the body and blood of Jesus Christ. It is a solemn act of remembrance and thanksgiving, acknowledging Christ’s sacrifice on the cross for the redemption of humanity.

As we explore the significance of communion, it is important to delve into its origin and the symbolism behind the elements used in this sacred ritual.

The Origin of Communion in Christianity

The practice of communion traces its roots back to the Last Supper, a significant event in Christian history. It took place during the Passover feast, where Jesus shared a meal with His disciples for the last time before His crucifixion. The atmosphere was charged with emotions as Jesus knew the events that would soon unfold.

During this intimate gathering, Jesus took bread, blessed it, broke it, and distributed it among His disciples, saying, “Take, eat; this is my body.” He then took the cup of wine, blessed it, and said, “Drink from it, all of you; for this is my blood of the covenant.”

This act of Jesus, known as the institution of the Lord’s Supper, laid the foundation for the sacrament of communion. It serves as a powerful reminder of Jesus’ sacrifice and the profound love He had for His disciples and all of humanity.

The Symbolism of Bread and Wine in Communion

In communion, bread and wine symbolize the body and blood of Jesus Christ, respectively. The use of these elements carries profound symbolism that deepens our understanding of the significance of this sacrament.

Just as bread sustains physical life, Jesus offered Himself as the bread of life, nourishing believers spiritually. The act of breaking the bread represents the breaking of Jesus’ body on the cross, bearing the weight of the sins of the world. As believers partake in the bread, they are reminded of the sacrifice Jesus made for their redemption.

Similarly, wine represents the blood shed by Jesus on the cross, signifying the forgiveness of sins and the establishment of a new covenant between God and humanity. The act of drinking the wine symbolizes the acceptance and participation in this new covenant, experiencing the grace and mercy of God.

Through the symbolism of bread and wine, communion serves as a powerful reminder of the love, sacrifice, and grace of Jesus Christ. It deepens the spiritual connection between believers and their Savior, fostering a sense of unity and gratitude within the Christian community.

Biblical References to Communion

The practice of communion is not only rooted in the historical event of the Last Supper but also finds its significance in various passages of the Bible.

Communion, also known as the Eucharist or the Lord’s Supper, holds a central place in Christian worship. It is a sacred ritual that symbolizes the body and blood of Jesus Christ and is observed by believers in remembrance of His sacrifice.

Communion in the New Testament

Multiple books in the New Testament shed light on the significance of communion. In the Gospel of Luke, for example, Jesus instructs His disciples to “do this in remembrance of me” when He distributes the bread and wine during the Last Supper. This powerful statement emphasizes the importance of communion as a way to remember and honor Jesus’ sacrifice.

The Apostle Paul, in his letter to the Corinthians, further elaborates on the significance of communion. He emphasizes that partaking in the bread and wine is not just a mere ritual but a proclamation of Christ’s death until He comes again. Paul’s words highlight the deep spiritual meaning behind the act of communion and its connection to the hope of Christ’s return.

Furthermore, the Gospel of John provides additional insight into the importance of communion. In chapter 6, Jesus declares Himself as the “bread of life” and explains that those who eat His flesh and drink His blood will have eternal life. This metaphorical language emphasizes the spiritual nourishment that believers receive through communion, as they partake in the body and blood of Christ.

Jesus Christ’s Last Supper: The First Communion

Jesus Christ’s last supper with His disciples serves as the foundation for the practice of communion. It was during this meal that Jesus initiated the sacrament, instructing His followers to continue the observance in remembrance of Him. As the disciples gathered around the table, Jesus took bread, blessed it, and broke it, giving it to them, saying, “Take, eat; this is my body.” He then took the cup, gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, “Drink from it, all of you. For this is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins.” (Matthew 26:26-28)

This profound moment in history marked the establishment of communion as a sacred practice. The disciples, unaware of the significance of this event at the time, would later understand its profound meaning and pass it on to future generations of believers.

Thus, the Last Supper can be considered the first communion, setting a precedent for believers to follow. It serves as a powerful reminder of Jesus’ ultimate sacrifice and the unity of believers in partaking in His body and blood. Through communion, Christians not only remember the past but also participate in the present reality of Christ’s redemptive work and eagerly anticipate His future return.

The Significance of Communion in Christian Life

Communion holds immense significance in the lives of Christians, playing various roles in their faith journey.

Communion, also known as the Lord’s Supper or the Eucharist, is a sacred ritual practiced by Christians worldwide. It is a time when believers come together to remember and commemorate the sacrifice of Jesus Christ. While the original text provides a brief overview of the significance of communion, let’s delve deeper into this topic and explore additional aspects of its importance.

Communion as a Reminder of Christ’s Sacrifice

Partaking in communion serves as a powerful reminder of Christ’s sacrificial love and the salvation offered through His death on the cross. It helps believers reflect on the magnitude of His love for humanity, fostering gratitude and reverence.

During the communion service, Christians consume bread and wine (or grape juice), symbolizing the body and blood of Jesus. This act of consuming represents the believers’ participation in the sacrifice of Christ and their acceptance of His atonement for their sins. As they partake in the elements, they are reminded of the immense love and grace that Jesus demonstrated by willingly laying down His life for their salvation.

Furthermore, communion provides an opportunity for self-reflection and introspection. It encourages believers to examine their hearts, confess their sins, and seek forgiveness. Through this process, they renew their commitment to live a life that is pleasing to God and strive to emulate the selfless love exemplified by Jesus.

The Role of Communion in Christian Fellowship

Communion also plays a crucial role in fostering fellowship among believers. As they come together to partake in the sacrament, it strengthens the bond they share as members of the body of Christ. Communion becomes a unifying act, symbolizing their common faith and commitment to follow Jesus.

When Christians gather for communion, they are reminded of their shared identity as the family of God. Regardless of their differences in background, culture, or social status, they are united by their faith in Christ. This unity is not only expressed through the act of partaking in the bread and wine but also through the mutual support, encouragement, and accountability that are fostered within the community of believers.

Communion also serves as a reminder of the importance of reconciliation and unity within the body of Christ. It encourages believers to seek reconciliation with one another, to forgive and be forgiven, and to strive for harmony and peace. In this way, communion becomes a catalyst for building and strengthening relationships within the Christian community.

Moreover, communion is not limited to a local congregation or a specific group of believers. It extends beyond geographical boundaries and denominational differences, encompassing all followers of Jesus around the world. When Christians partake in communion, they are connected to the global body of Christ, transcending cultural and linguistic barriers.

In conclusion, communion holds immense significance in the lives of Christians. It serves as a powerful reminder of Christ’s sacrificial love, fosters gratitude and reverence, and strengthens the bond of fellowship among believers. Through the act of partaking in the bread and wine, Christians not only remember the past but also find inspiration and guidance for their present and future journey of faith.

Different Christian Denominations and Their Views on Communion

While the practice of communion is universal among Christians, different denominations hold varying perspectives on its theological significance.

Catholicism and the Eucharist

In Catholicism, communion, known as the Eucharist, is seen as a sacrament of the highest order. It is believed that during the Mass, the bread and wine are transformed into the actual body and blood of Jesus Christ, a concept known as transubstantiation. Catholics hold deep reverence for the Eucharist, viewing it as a mystical union with Christ Himself.

Protestant Perspectives on Communion

Protestant denominations interpret communion differently. While some Lutherans believe in consubstantiation, where Christ is present alongside the bread and wine, other Protestants see it as a symbolic remembrance. They consider communion an act of obedience, fellowship, and celebration rather than a literal transformation of the elements.

Common Questions About Communion

As with any religious practice, communion raises several questions among believers. Let’s address a couple of commonly asked queries.

Who Can Take Communion According to the Bible?

The Bible does not explicitly restrict communion to a specific group of people. Generally, churches practice open communion, inviting all baptized believers in Christ to participate. However, some churches, like the Catholic Church, have specific guidelines on who can receive the Eucharist, usually limited to baptized Catholics in a state of grace.

How Often Should Christians Take Communion?

The frequency of communion varies among different Christian traditions. Some churches offer communion weekly, while others observe it monthly or even less frequently. Ultimately, the decision lies with the individual’s faith community and personal conviction.

In conclusion, communion holds deep significance in the Christian faith. Rooted in the Last Supper and supported by biblical references, it serves as a powerful reminder of Christ’s sacrifice and a unifying act among believers. While different Christian denominations may have varying perspectives on communion, its central purpose remains the same – to remember and recommit to the teachings of Jesus Christ.


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