What Does The Bible Say About Hatred?

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A heart with a sword piercing it

Hatred is a strong emotion that can consume individuals and create division in relationships and communities. In order to understand how to navigate this powerful emotion, it is important to explore what the Bible says about hatred and its implications. By delving into the Scriptures, we can gain insights into the nature of hatred, its consequences, and how to overcome it.

Understanding the Concept of Hatred in the Bible

In order to comprehend the Bible’s stance on hatred, it is essential to first grasp the underlying definition of this emotion. According to the Scriptures, hatred goes beyond a mere dislike or disagreement; it involves an intense aversion towards someone or something.

The Bible considers hatred as a deviation from the teachings of love, compassion, and forgiveness that are central to Christian faith. It illustrates how hatred can breed destruction and hinder the progress of individuals and societies.

Furthermore, the Bible delves into the consequences of harboring hatred in one’s heart. It warns that hatred can consume a person, leading to bitterness and resentment. This negativity not only affects personal well-being but also spills over into relationships, causing strife and division.

The Biblical Definition of Hatred

Throughout the Bible, hatred is depicted as a destructive force that leads to strife and separation. In Proverbs 10:12, it states, “Hatred stirs up conflict, but love covers over all wrongs.” This verse suggests that hatred fuels discord and disrupts relationships, while love has the power to heal and reconcile.

Moreover, the Bible provides examples of individuals who allowed hatred to consume them, resulting in dire consequences. The story of Cain and Abel serves as a cautionary tale, showcasing the destructive power of unchecked hatred. Cain’s jealousy and hatred towards his brother led him to commit the first recorded murder in history.

The Bible repeatedly emphasizes that hatred is not aligned with the character of God, who is described as love itself. In 1 John 4:20, it says, “Whoever claims to love God yet hates a brother or sister is a liar. For whoever does not love their brother and sister, whom they have seen, cannot love God, whom they have not seen.” This verse highlights the incompatibility between love for God and hatred towards others.

The Difference Between Righteous and Unrighteous Hatred

While the Bible discourages hatred in general, it distinguishes between righteous and unrighteous hatred. Unrighteous hatred refers to harboring anger, malice, or ill-will without valid cause. In contrast, righteous hatred involves a righteous indignation towards evil, injustice, and ungodly behavior. However, even righteous hatred should be tempered with love and a desire for reconciliation whenever possible.

The Bible provides examples of righteous anger and hatred directed towards injustice and ungodliness. Jesus, for instance, displayed righteous anger when he overturned the tables of the money changers in the temple, condemning their exploitation of worshipers. This act demonstrated his passion for righteousness and his intolerance towards corruption.

However, the Bible also emphasizes the importance of forgiveness and reconciliation. While righteous anger may be justified in certain situations, it should never be an excuse for perpetuating hatred or seeking revenge. Instead, believers are encouraged to channel their emotions towards seeking justice and promoting positive change, always striving for reconciliation and restoration.

It is crucial to discern between righteous and unrighteous hatred, as a misplaced or excessive hatred can lead to unnecessary conflict and harm. The Bible encourages believers to seek wisdom and guidance from God in navigating their emotions, especially when it comes to matters of hatred.

Biblical Verses Addressing Hatred

The Bible contains numerous verses that directly address the topic of hatred. These verses provide insight into how God views this emotion and offer guidance on how to deal with it in a biblical manner.

Old Testament Verses on Hatred

Throughout the Old Testament, there are verses that condemn and caution against hatred. In Leviticus 19:17, it states, “Do not hate a fellow Israelite in your heart. Rebuke your neighbor frankly so you will not share in their guilt.” This verse discourages internalizing feelings of hatred and encourages direct communication and rebuke instead.

In Psalms 97:10, it says, “Let those who love the Lord hate evil, for he guards the lives of his faithful ones and delivers them from the hand of the wicked.” This verse emphasizes the importance of hating evil while maintaining a love for the Lord.

New Testament Verses on Hatred

The teachings of Jesus in the New Testament also provide guidance on dealing with hatred. In Matthew 5:43-44, Jesus says, “You have heard that it was said, ‘Love your neighbor and hate your enemy.’ But I tell you, love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you.” This radical teaching challenges the common mindset of hating one’s enemies and promotes a love-centered approach.

Furthermore, in Romans 12:20, the apostle Paul advises, “If your enemy is hungry, feed him; if he is thirsty, give him something to drink. In doing this, you will heap burning coals on his head.” This verse encourages acts of kindness and generosity towards those who may have provoked feelings of hatred.

The Consequences of Hatred According to the Bible

Hatred, being destructive at its core, has several significant consequences as outlined in the Bible. These consequences extend beyond the individual and affect both the spiritual and social realms.

Spiritual Consequences of Hatred

From a spiritual perspective, the Bible warns against the detrimental effects of harboring hatred in one’s heart. In 1 John 2:11, it states, “But anyone who hates a brother or sister is in the darkness and walks around in the darkness. They do not know where they are going because the darkness has blinded them.” This verse suggests that hatred can blind individuals spiritually, hindering their understanding of God’s truth and leading them astray.

Moreover, in the Sermon on the Mount, Jesus teaches that failing to reconcile with others and harbor hatred can hinder one’s relationship with God. In Matthew 5:23-24, Jesus states, “Therefore, if you are offering your gift at the altar and there remember that your brother or sister has something against you, leave your gift there in front of the altar. First, go and be reconciled to them; then come and offer your gift.” This teaching emphasizes the importance of resolving conflicts and mending relationships in order to maintain a close bond with God.

Social Consequences of Hatred

On a societal level, the consequences of hatred are evident throughout history and in contemporary times. Hatred breeds violence, discrimination, and division among communities. The Bible cautions against sowing seeds of discord and encourages believers to pursue peace and reconciliation instead.

Proverbs 10:18 states, “Whoever conceals hatred with lying lips and spreads slander is a fool.” This verse indicates that spreading hatred through falsehoods and slander not only damages one’s own integrity but also contributes to further division and harm within society.

The Bible’s Guidance on Overcoming Hatred

Despite the powerful grip of hatred, the Bible provides guidance on how to overcome this destructive emotion. By following biblical principles, individuals can find a path towards healing and restoration.

The Role of Forgiveness in Overcoming Hatred

Forgiveness plays a significant role in overcoming hatred according to the Bible. By forgiving those who have wronged us, we release ourselves from the burden of hatred and allow God’s healing power to work in our lives.

Jesus emphasizes the importance of forgiveness in the Lord’s Prayer, stating in Matthew 6:14-15, “For if you forgive other people when they sin against you, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. But if you do not forgive others their sins, your Father will not forgive your sins.” This teaching underscores the reciprocal nature of forgiveness and encourages believers to extend grace to others.

Love as the Antidote to Hatred

The Bible repeatedly emphasizes the power of love in overcoming hatred. In Romans 12:21, it states, “Do not be overcome by evil but overcome evil with good.” This verse encourages believers to combat hatred by responding with acts of love and kindness.

Additionally, in 1 Peter 4:8, it says, “Above all, love each other deeply, because love covers over a multitude of sins.” This verse highlights the transformative nature of love and its ability to overcome hatred and facilitate reconciliation.

Jesus Christ’s Teachings on Hatred

As the epitome of love and compassion, Jesus Christ offers profound teachings on the subject of hatred. His words serve as a guiding light for believers in navigating their emotions and relationships.

Jesus’ Sermon on the Mount: A Lesson on Hatred

In the Sermon on the Mount, Jesus addresses the issue of hatred and provides radical teachings that challenge societal norms. He urges his followers to extend love and forgiveness even to their enemies, demonstrating the transformative power of love.

Matthew 5:44 captures Jesus’ revolutionary teaching, “But I tell you, love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you.” This commandment challenges individuals to rise above their natural inclinations and respond to hatred with love and prayer.

Jesus’ Teachings on Love and Forgiveness

Throughout his ministry, Jesus consistently emphasized the importance of love and forgiveness. He exemplified these principles in his interactions with others and encouraged his disciples to do the same.

In John 13:34-35, Jesus says, “A new command I give you: Love one another. As I have loved you, so you must love one another. By this, everyone will know that you are my disciples if you love one another.” These words highlight the centrality of love in the Christian faith and its role in distinguishing believers as followers of Christ.


The Bible provides invaluable guidance on the topic of hatred, cautioning against its destructive nature and offering a path towards healing and reconciliation. By understanding the biblical definition of hatred, exploring its consequences, and following the teachings of Jesus, believers can navigate their emotions and relationships in a manner that aligns with God’s will. Through forgiveness and love, individuals can overcome hatred and promote unity, reflecting the transformative power of the gospel in their lives and communities.


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