What Does The Bible Say About The Heart?

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A heart with a bible open to a page of relevant scripture

The heart is a theme that appears throughout the Bible, carrying deep theological significance. Understanding what the Bible says about the heart is essential for gaining insights into the human condition and our relationship with God. In this article, we will explore the biblical teachings about the heart, its symbolism, and practical implications for our lives.

Understanding the Biblical Significance of the Heart

Before delving into specific verses, it is crucial to grasp the overarching significance of the heart in the Bible. In both the Old and New Testaments, the heart is portrayed as more than just a physical organ; it represents the innermost core of a person’s being. It encompasses thoughts, emotions, desires, intentions, and the center of one’s will.

The heart is often described as the wellspring of life, the source from which all actions and decisions flow. It is a place where the deepest emotions and desires reside, shaping a person’s character and influencing their choices. Understanding the biblical significance of the heart provides a foundation for comprehending the profound impact it has on one’s spiritual journey.

In the Old Testament, the heart is given great importance, with numerous verses emphasizing its significance. For instance, in Proverbs 4:23, it is written, “Above all else, guard your heart, for everything you do flows from it.” This verse highlights the connection between the heart and one’s actions, emphasizing the need to protect one’s heart from corrupt influences.

Additionally, other passages portray the heart as a place where God’s law should be inscribed. In Deuteronomy 6:6, it says, “These commandments that I give you today are to be on your hearts.” This underscores the significance of a heart transformed by God’s Word, where His truth is deeply rooted and shapes every aspect of life.

The heart’s role in the Old Testament extends beyond personal transformation. It is also seen as the place where God communicates with His people. In Jeremiah 31:33, God promises, “I will put my law in their minds and write it on their hearts. I will be their God, and they will be my people.” This verse reveals God’s desire for an intimate relationship with His people, where His truth is engraved on their hearts, guiding and directing their paths.

In the New Testament, Jesus frequently addresses matters of the heart. In Matthew 5:8, He states, “Blessed are the pure in heart, for they will see God.” This verse emphasizes the purity of heart as a prerequisite for experiencing the presence of God. It highlights the need for inner transformation, where the heart is cleansed from impure motives, thoughts, and desires, allowing one to perceive and encounter the divine.

Moreover, the heart is also depicted as the seat of belief and confession in Romans 10:9: “If you declare with your mouth, ‘Jesus is Lord,’ and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved.” This verse highlights the vital role of the heart in genuine faith and salvation. It emphasizes that true belief goes beyond mere intellectual assent; it involves a heartfelt conviction and trust in the redemptive work of Jesus Christ.

Throughout the Bible, the heart is portrayed as a central aspect of a person’s relationship with God. It is a place of transformation, where God’s truth takes root and shapes one’s character. It is a place of encounter, where God communicates and reveals Himself. And it is a place of faith, where genuine belief and salvation spring forth. Understanding the biblical significance of the heart invites us to examine our own hearts, to guard them diligently, and to allow God’s transformative power to work within us.

The Heart as a Symbol in the Bible

While the heart carries deep personal significance, it also serves as a powerful symbol in the Bible. One prominent symbol associated with the heart is its representation of emotions. From sorrow to joy, love to anger, the heart reflects the full range of human feelings.

The Heart as a Seat of Emotions

Scripture frequently attributes emotions to the heart. For example, in Psalm 34:18, it says, “The Lord is close to the brokenhearted and saves those who are crushed in spirit.” This verse conveys the heart’s association with emotional pain and suffering, highlighting God’s compassion and comfort.

Furthermore, the heart is also linked to expressions of joy and gladness. In Psalm 28:7, it declares, “My heart leaps for joy, and with my song I praise him.” This verse encapsulates the overwhelming happiness that radiates from a joyful heart.

The Heart as a Center of Will and Decision Making

Alongside its connection to emotions, the heart is portrayed as a center of will and decision making. In Proverbs 16:9, it says, “In their hearts, humans plan their course, but the Lord establishes their steps.” This verse illustrates the tension between human intentions and God’s sovereignty, underscoring the importance of aligning our hearts with His will.

Similarly, the heart is also associated with making choices and discerning God’s guidance. In Psalm 37:4, it states, “Take delight in the Lord, and he will give you the desires of your heart.” This verse highlights the transformative power of delighting in God, aligning our desires with His and receiving His guidance.

Biblical Teachings about the Condition of the Heart

In addition to its symbolism, the Bible also provides insights into the condition of the human heart. It reveals the natural state of the heart and the transformation that occurs through encountering God’s grace.

The Heart in its Natural State

The Bible acknowledges the fallen and sinful disposition of the human heart. In Jeremiah 17:9, it states, “The heart is deceitful above all things and beyond cure. Who can understand it?” This verse highlights the inclination of the heart to deceive and wander astray.

Moreover, in Romans 3:23, it remarks, “For all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God.” This verse emphasizes the universal condition of the heart, underscoring the need for redemption and renewal.

The Transformed Heart

Thankfully, the Bible also points to the transformative power of God in the human heart. In Ezekiel 36:26, God declares, “I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit in you; I will remove from you your heart of stone and give you a heart of flesh.” This verse encapsulates God’s promise to replace hardened hearts with hearts receptive to His truth and grace.

Furthermore, in 2 Corinthians 5:17, it states, “Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, the new creation has come: The old has gone, the new is here!” This verse highlights the profound change that occurs in the heart through a personal relationship with Jesus Christ.

God’s Interaction with the Human Heart

Throughout the Bible, we find several instances of God’s engagement with the human heart. From His deep knowledge of the heart to His transformative work within, these interactions demonstrate His intimate relationship with His creation.

God’s Knowledge of the Heart

God sees beyond external appearances and comprehends the true state of the heart. In 1 Samuel 16:7, it says, “The Lord does not look at the things people look at. People look at the outward appearance, but the Lord looks at the heart.” This verse reminds us that God sees our innermost thoughts, motives, and intentions.

Moreover, in Psalm 139:23-24, the psalmist prays, “Search me, God, and know my heart; test me and know my anxious thoughts. See if there is any offensive way in me and lead me in the way everlasting.” This prayer invites God to examine the depths of the heart, acknowledging His omniscience and seeking His guidance.

God’s Work in the Human Heart

God is actively involved in transforming and renewing the human heart. In Philippians 2:13, it says, “For it is God who works in you to will and to act in order to fulfill his good purpose.” This verse affirms God’s role in shaping our desires and empowering us to live according to His purposes.

Additionally, in Psalm 51:10, the psalmist cries out, “Create in me a pure heart, O God, and renew a steadfast spirit within me.” This plea for a pure heart reflects the recognition of God’s transformative power and the desire for spiritual renewal.

Practical Implications of the Bible’s Teachings about the Heart

The Bible’s teachings about the heart have practical implications for our everyday lives. They guide our actions, shape our character, and deepen our relationship with God.

Guarding Your Heart According to Proverbs

Proverbs 4:23 instructs us to guard our hearts diligently, recognizing that everything we do flows from it. This implies the need for intentional self-reflection, discernment, and a conscious effort to eliminate corrupt influences from our lives.

By guarding our hearts, we can cultivate a transformative environment where God’s Word takes root, leading to a life that aligns with His purposes.

Cultivating a Pure Heart

As Jesus teaches in Matthew 5:8, a pure heart enables us to see God. Cultivating purity involves a commitment to honesty, integrity, and a genuine pursuit of righteousness.

By allowing God to purify our hearts through His grace and forgiveness, we can experience a closer relationship with Him and reflect His love and righteousness to the world around us.

In conclusion, the Bible provides profound insights into the significance of the heart. It teaches us about the heart’s symbolism, its natural condition, and the transformative work that God performs within it. Understanding these biblical teachings not only deepens our knowledge but also impacts how we live our lives. Let us guard our hearts, cultivate purity, and invite God to shape and transform us, allowing our hearts to align with His will and experience the abundant life He offers.


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