What Does The Bible Say About Wives?

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A woman in a domestic setting

In the teachings of Christianity, the Bible serves as the ultimate guide for matters of faith, life, and relationships. When it comes to the topic of wives, the Bible offers valuable insights on their role, responsibilities, and significance within the context of marriage and family. Let’s explore what the Bible has to say about wives and their place in God’s design.

Understanding the Biblical Role of a Wife

Before delving into the specific teachings regarding wives in the Bible, it is essential to understand the foundational principles of marital relationships. In the book of Genesis, we find the creation narrative where God, after forming Adam, declared, “It is not good for the man to be alone. I will make a helper suitable for him” (Genesis 2:18, NIV). This verse signifies God’s intention to create a companion and helper for Adam, introducing the concept of marriage.

Marriage, as established by God, is a sacred bond between a man and a woman. It is a partnership built on love, trust, and mutual support. Within this union, both the husband and wife have unique roles and responsibilities that contribute to the overall health and well-being of the relationship.

The Creation of Eve: The First Wife

To fulfill His plan, God fashioned Eve from one of Adam’s ribs. This act not only established the first marriage but also set a precedent for the role of wives. As Adam’s partner and helper, Eve held a significant place in the divine order. Together, they formed the foundational unit of human society – the family.

Eve, as the first wife, exemplified the qualities of love, companionship, and support. Just as God created her to be a suitable helper for Adam, wives today are called to fulfill a similar role within their marriages. They are to be their husbands’ companions, supporting them in their endeavors, and helping them navigate the challenges of life.

Wives in the Old Testament

The Old Testament provides various examples of wives who played essential roles in their families and contributed to the fulfillment of God’s purpose. From Sarah’s unwavering faithfulness to Rachel’s steadfast love, these women exemplify devotion, faith, and strength as wives. Their stories serve as a testament to the significance of the wife’s role within the family unit.

For instance, Sarah, the wife of Abraham, displayed remarkable faith when she believed in God’s promise of a son, despite her old age. Her trust in God’s faithfulness not only resulted in the birth of Isaac but also played a crucial role in the fulfillment of God’s covenant with Abraham.

In another example, Rachel, the wife of Jacob, demonstrated unwavering love and dedication. Despite facing challenges and hardships, Rachel remained steadfast in her commitment to Jacob, serving as a pillar of support throughout their journey.

Wives in the New Testament

In the New Testament, the teachings of Jesus and the apostles reinforce the importance of the wife’s role in marriage. The apostle Paul, in his letter to the Ephesians, highlights the concept of mutual submission between husbands and wives. He writes, “Wives, submit yourselves to your own husbands as you do to the Lord” (Ephesians 5:22, NIV). This verse emphasizes the wife’s role in respecting and supporting her husband’s leadership within the family.

However, it is important to note that the concept of submission does not imply inferiority or subjugation. Rather, it signifies a willingness to honor and respect the God-given authority within the marriage relationship. Just as Christ submitted Himself to the will of the Father out of love, wives are called to submit to their husbands out of reverence for God.

Additionally, the New Testament emphasizes the importance of love, forgiveness, and selflessness in marriage. Wives are encouraged to love their husbands and to cultivate an atmosphere of unity and harmony within the home. Through their actions and attitudes, wives have the power to create a nurturing and loving environment where both spouses can grow and thrive.

In conclusion, the biblical role of a wife is one of partnership, love, and support. Wives are called to be their husbands’ companions, helpers, and sources of strength. Just as the women in the Bible exemplified these qualities, wives today can draw inspiration from their stories and strive to fulfill their God-given role within their marriages.

Biblical Verses About Wives

Beyond understanding the general role of a wife, the Bible also provides specific verses addressing the duties, characteristics, and virtues expected of wives. Let’s explore some of these key teachings.

Verses Highlighting the Duties of a Wife

Proverbs 31:10-12 states, “A wife of noble character who can find? She is worth far more than rubies. Her husband has full confidence in her and lacks nothing of value. She brings him good, not harm, all the days of her life” (NIV). This passage showcases the wife’s responsibility to support and uplift her husband, acting as a source of love, trust, and security within the marriage.

It is important to note that the duties of a wife mentioned in this passage go beyond mere physical care. The wife is called to be a pillar of strength and support, someone her husband can rely on in times of need. She is expected to bring positivity and goodness into their lives, ensuring that her husband lacks nothing of value. This includes emotional support, encouragement, and being a true partner in their journey together.

Furthermore, the comparison of a wife to rubies highlights the immense value and worth that a virtuous and noble wife possesses. Just as rubies are rare and precious, a wife with noble character is a treasure that brings immeasurable blessings to her husband’s life.

Verses on the Virtuous Wife

The famous passage in Proverbs 31:25-27 describes the virtuous wife, stating, “She is clothed with strength and dignity; she can laugh at the days to come. She speaks with wisdom, and faithful instruction is on her tongue. She watches over the affairs of her household and does not eat the bread of idleness” (NIV). These verses emphasize the importance of a wife’s wisdom, diligence, and dedication in fulfilling her role within the family.

The virtuous wife mentioned in these verses is not only strong and dignified but also possesses a deep sense of wisdom. She is able to face the future with confidence, knowing that she is well-prepared to handle whatever challenges may come her way. Her words are filled with wisdom and guidance, providing valuable instruction to her family and those around her.

Additionally, the virtuous wife is diligent in her responsibilities. She takes care of the affairs of her household, ensuring that everything runs smoothly. This includes managing the household finances, maintaining order and cleanliness, and making wise decisions for the benefit of her family. Her commitment to her role is evident as she avoids idleness and actively contributes to the well-being of her household.

Verses on Love and Respect Between Husband and Wife

Love and respect form the foundation of a healthy and harmonious marital relationship. Ephesians 5:33 implores husbands to love their wives, while Colossians 3:19 instructs husbands not to be harsh with them. These verses indicate the reciprocal nature of spousal love and highlight the wife’s need for love, honor, and respect from her husband.

The Bible emphasizes the importance of love and respect between husbands and wives, recognizing that both parties have a vital role to play in fostering a strong and loving marriage. Husbands are called to love their wives unconditionally, just as Christ loves the church. This love is characterized by selflessness, sacrifice, and a deep desire to nurture and care for their wives.

On the other hand, wives have a rightful expectation of being treated with honor and respect. They should not be subjected to harshness or mistreatment, as Colossians 3:19 warns. This verse serves as a reminder to husbands to value and cherish their wives, recognizing their worth and treating them with kindness and gentleness.

In a healthy marital relationship, love and respect are not one-sided but are mutually given and received. Both partners contribute to the well-being of the marriage by loving, honoring, and respecting one another, creating an environment of love, trust, and harmony.

The Wife as a Companion and Helper

Beyond her individual responsibilities, a wife serves as a companion and helper to her husband. Let’s explore how this aspect of a wife’s role manifests in marriage and family life.

The Wife’s Role in Marriage

Marriage is characterized by love, companionship, and mutual support. The wife’s role as a companion involves being a source of comfort, encouragement, and companionship for her husband. Through her love and understanding, she becomes a pillar of strength within the marital relationship, fostering a deep bond between husband and wife.

The Wife’s Role in the Family

Beyond being a companion to her husband, a wife holds a crucial role in the broader family unit. She contributes to the nurturing and upbringing of children, creating a loving and secure environment. Through her care and guidance, she plays a vital role in shaping the values and character of the next generation, ensuring the family remains grounded in faith and righteousness.

The Wife as a Mother

One of the most significant roles a wife may assume is that of a mother. The Bible recognizes the influence and importance of motherhood, highlighting the impact of mothers in Scripture.

Biblical Mothers and Their Influence

From the nurturing love of Sarah to the unwavering faith of Hannah, the Bible presents various mothers who profoundly influenced their children and subsequent generations. Their stories demonstrate the power of a mother’s influence in shaping the lives and destinies of their children.

The Importance of Motherhood in the Bible

The Bible reveres motherhood, recognizing the unique role and impact mothers have in raising godly children. The book of Proverbs repeatedly emphasizes the importance of a mother’s teachings, stating, “Listen, my son, to your father’s instruction and do not forsake your mother’s teaching” (Proverbs 1:8, NIV). This verse underscores the significance of a mother’s guidance and highlights the vital role wives play in instilling godly values and wisdom in their children.

The Wife in Proverbs 31

One particular passage in the book of Proverbs offers a comprehensive portrait of an ideal wife and provides valuable lessons for wives today.

Characteristics of the Proverbs 31 Wife

The Proverbs 31 wife exemplifies numerous admirable qualities. She is industrious, diligent, and resourceful, managing her household and contributing to the family’s well-being. She also demonstrates compassion, serving the poor and needy. Above all, she fears the Lord, embodying a deep reverence for God and cultivating a life of integrity and wisdom.

Lessons from the Proverbs 31 Wife

The Proverbs 31 wife serves as an inspiration for wives, offering valuable lessons on character, diligence, and faithfulness. Her example calls wives to embrace their roles with enthusiasm and dedication, seeking to honor God and bless their families through their daily actions.


The Bible provides a rich tapestry of teachings on the topic of wives, outlining their role, responsibilities, and significance within the context of marriage and family. From the creation narrative to the virtuous wife described in Proverbs 31, the Bible offers guidance and wisdom for wives seeking to fulfill their God-given purpose.

By understanding and applying these biblical principles, wives can cultivate healthy marriages, nurture their families, and live out their divine calling as companions, helpers, and role models. May we all seek to embrace these teachings, growing in our relationships with God and with one another as we strive to live according to His word.


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