What Does The Bible Say About Domestic Violence?

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A broken home

Domestic violence is an unfortunate reality that affects many individuals and families today. It is a complex issue that requires understanding and action from various key stakeholders, including the church. As Christians, it is important to explore what the Bible says about this topic and how it can guide our understanding and response.

Understanding Domestic Violence: A Brief Overview

Before delving into the biblical perspective on domestic violence, it is crucial to have a clear understanding of what it entails. Domestic violence refers to a pattern of behaviors that one person uses to gain power and control over another within an intimate relationship. These behaviors can be physical, emotional, verbal, or sexual in nature.

It is essential to recognize that domestic violence is not limited to a specific gender, age, or socioeconomic group. It can occur in heterosexual and same-sex relationships, and it affects individuals from all walks of life.

Domestic violence is a deeply complex issue that requires a comprehensive understanding. To fully grasp its impact, it is important to delve into the various aspects that define and shape this problem.

Defining Domestic Violence

Defining domestic violence is a complex task due to its multifaceted nature. However, it generally includes acts such as physical assault, sexual abuse, emotional manipulation, economic control, isolation, and intimidation.

Physical assault refers to any form of bodily harm inflicted upon the victim, ranging from slapping and punching to more severe forms of violence. Sexual abuse involves any non-consensual sexual activity that is forced upon the victim. Emotional manipulation encompasses tactics such as gaslighting, where the abuser distorts the victim’s reality and undermines their sense of self-worth. Economic control involves the abuser exerting control over the victim’s finances, limiting their access to money and resources. Isolation occurs when the abuser cuts off the victim from friends, family, and support networks, leaving them feeling isolated and dependent. Intimidation involves the use of threats, both explicit and implicit, to instill fear and maintain control over the victim.

While domestic violence is characterized by these abusive behaviors, it is essential to note that individual situations can vary greatly. Each case has its unique dynamics, which may require different intervention and support approaches. Understanding the nuances of each situation is crucial in providing effective assistance to victims.

The Prevalence of Domestic Violence

Domestic violence is a widespread problem that affects millions of individuals worldwide. Statistics reveal the alarming prevalence of this issue and emphasize the need for increased awareness and action.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), approximately 30% of women worldwide have experienced physical or sexual violence by an intimate partner. This staggering statistic highlights the magnitude of the problem and the urgent need for intervention and support systems. It is important to note that men can also be victims of domestic violence, and their experiences should not be overlooked.

Domestic violence does not discriminate based on race, religion, or nationality. It permeates all societies and communities, leaving a devastating impact on individuals and families. By shedding light on the prevalence of this issue, we can work towards creating a society that is free from violence and abuse.

Biblical Perspectives on Violence

As Christians, we turn to the Bible to seek guidance on how to navigate various aspects of life, including issues of violence and abuse. It is essential to explore the perspectives the Scriptures offer on this matter. While the Bible contains passages that depict violence, it also provides teachings and principles that promote love, justice, and the well-being of individuals and relationships.

When examining the biblical perspectives on violence, it is crucial to consider both the Old Testament and the New Testament. Each section offers unique insights and guidance for believers.

Old Testament Views on Violence

The Old Testament recounts instances of violence throughout history. These stories act as historical records, reflecting the reality of the world in which people lived. However, it is important to interpret these passages with caution, understanding the cultural context in which they were written.

While the Old Testament includes narratives of war and violence, it also contains passages that emphasize the importance of justice, peace, and compassion. For example, the prophet Micah calls on people to “do justice, love mercy, and walk humbly with your God” (Micah 6:8, ESV).

In addition to Micah’s call for justice and mercy, the Old Testament contains the Ten Commandments, which provide a moral framework for believers. One of these commandments states, “You shall not murder” (Exodus 20:13, ESV). This commandment highlights the value placed on human life and the prohibition of taking it unlawfully.

Furthermore, the Old Testament offers examples of individuals who demonstrated non-violent approaches in the face of conflict. One such example is the story of David sparing King Saul’s life, despite having the opportunity to kill him (1 Samuel 24:1-22). This account showcases the importance of forgiveness and restraint, even in challenging circumstances.

New Testament Stances on Violence

The New Testament presents a paradigm shift in understanding and interpreting violence. Jesus teaches his followers to turn the other cheek, to forgive, and to love their enemies (Matthew 5:38-48). The Apostle Paul also emphasizes the importance of peaceful and loving relationships within marriages (Ephesians 5:21-33).

These teachings in the New Testament reflect a message of love, respect, and reconciliation, which stands in stark contrast to violent and abusive behaviors. The Christian faith calls believers to live in a manner that reflects the character and teachings of Jesus.

Moreover, the New Testament highlights the ultimate act of love and sacrifice through Jesus’ crucifixion. Jesus willingly endured violence and death on the cross to bring about redemption and reconciliation for all humanity. This act serves as a powerful example of selflessness and the transformative power of love.

Furthermore, the New Testament teaches believers to seek peaceful resolutions and to pursue reconciliation in relationships. In Matthew 18:15-17, Jesus provides instructions on addressing conflicts within the church community, emphasizing the importance of seeking resolution and restoration rather than resorting to violence or retaliation.

Additionally, the Apostle Paul encourages believers to live in harmony with others, stating, “If it is possible, as far as it depends on you, live at peace with everyone” (Romans 12:18, NIV). This verse underscores the Christian’s responsibility to actively pursue peace and promote non-violent interactions.

In conclusion, the Bible offers a comprehensive perspective on violence, encompassing both the Old Testament and the New Testament. While the Old Testament contains historical accounts of violence, it also emphasizes justice, peace, and compassion. The New Testament, through the teachings of Jesus and the apostles, presents a paradigm shift towards non-violence, forgiveness, and reconciliation. As Christians, we are called to embody these teachings and strive for a world where violence is replaced with love, justice, and peace.

Specific Bible Verses Addressing Domestic Violence

Beyond the general principles and teachings, the Bible contains specific verses that address the issue of domestic violence. These passages offer guidance, comfort, and hope for those affected by abusive relationships.

Verses Condemning Violence

The Bible consistently condemns violence, expressing God’s disapproval of these destructive behaviors. Proverbs 3:31-32 warns against envy and violence, urging believers to avoid such actions. In the New Testament, the Apostle Paul cautions against provoking and angering one another (Ephesians 4:26-27).

These verses emphasize the need for peaceful and loving relationships, encouraging believers to abstain from any form of violence or harm towards others.

Verses Advocating for Love and Respect in Relationships

The Bible also provides verses that promote love, respect, and healthy relationships. Ephesians 5:25 instructs husbands to love their wives sacrificially, just as Christ loved the church. Colossians 3:19 reminds men to treat their wives with gentleness and respect.

These verses highlight the importance of genuine love, mutual respect, and equality within marital relationships. They inspire believers to follow the example set by Jesus and cultivate relationships that reflect His character.

The Role of the Church in Addressing Domestic Violence

With the biblical understanding of domestic violence as a backdrop, it is crucial to consider the role of the church in addressing this issue. The church should be seen as a safe haven for those affected by domestic violence, providing support, guidance, and advocacy.

Past and Present Church Responses to Domestic Violence

Historically, the church’s response to domestic violence has been varied. Some churches have failed to acknowledge the issue, perpetuating harmful beliefs and practices. However, there has been a growing recognition of the need to address domestic violence within faith communities.

Today, more churches are implementing policies and programs to support victims of domestic violence, raising awareness, and providing education to prevent abuse. Safe spaces and resources are being created within faith communities to offer support, counseling, and healing opportunities.

How the Church Can Help Victims of Domestic Violence

The church can play a vital role in helping victims of domestic violence by offering a compassionate and non-judgmental environment. Effective ways the church can assist include:

  1. Providing education on healthy relationships and promoting biblical teachings on love, respect, and equality.
  2. Creating safe spaces and support groups specifically for individuals affected by domestic violence.
  3. Collaborating with local organizations and professionals to provide counseling and resources.
  4. Offering spiritual guidance, prayer, and emotional support to survivors and their families.
  5. Raising awareness about domestic violence through sermons, workshops, and community events.

Biblical Counsel for Victims of Domestic Violence

Beyond the church’s role in addressing domestic violence, it is essential to offer biblical counsel to victims who may be seeking guidance, healing, and restoration.

Seeking Help and Support

Recognizing the need for help is an important first step for victims of domestic violence. It is crucial to understand that seeking assistance does not signify weakness but rather demonstrates strength and a desire for change.

Victims can find support through helplines, counseling services, shelters, and support groups. Additionally, confiding in trusted friends, family, or spiritual leaders can provide a crucial support network.

Healing and Forgiveness in the Bible

The Bible encourages healing and forgiveness for individuals affected by domestic violence. While forgiveness does not mean condoning the actions of the abuser, it can free the survivor from the burden of anger and resentment.

Healing can be a challenging process that requires time, support, and professional help. Through faith, prayer, and the support of the church community, survivors can experience restoration and hope for a brighter future.


What does the Bible say about domestic violence? Although the Bible does not explicitly address this issue in a comprehensive manner, its teachings provide a foundation for understanding and addressing domestic violence.

As Christians, we are called to emulate the love, compassion, and justice exemplified by Jesus Christ. By actively supporting and advocating for victims of domestic violence, we can contribute to breaking the cycle of abuse and promoting healthy, loving, and respectful relationships as God intended.

Let us stand against domestic violence, prioritizing the well-being and safety of all individuals within our communities and extending the love and grace of God to those who have experienced such pain and injustice.


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