What Does The Bible Say About Snakes?

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A snake coiled around a tree branch

The Bible is a rich source of wisdom and guidance on various subjects, including the symbolism of animals. Among the creatures that hold significant meaning in the biblical text, snakes occupy a unique place. This article aims to explore the various aspects of snakes in the Bible, including their symbolism, biblical passages that mention them, theological interpretations, representation in apocalyptic literature, and their role in biblical miracles and stories.

Understanding the Symbolism of Snakes in the Bible

One of the most intriguing aspects of snakes in the Bible is their symbolism. Throughout the biblical narrative, snakes represent various ideas and concepts, often embodying both positive and negative qualities. Understanding this symbolism is crucial to comprehending the deeper meanings behind the biblical texts.

Let us delve into three significant instances where snakes appear as powerful symbols in the Bible.

The Serpent in the Garden of Eden

The story of the serpent in the Garden of Eden is perhaps the most well-known biblical encounter with a snake. In the book of Genesis, the serpent tempts Adam and Eve, leading to their disobedience and subsequent expulsion from paradise. This event plays a pivotal role in shaping humanity’s understanding of temptation, sin, and the consequences of disobeying God’s commandments.

The symbolism of the serpent here is often associated with evil, deception, and the human struggle against temptation.

However, the serpent’s role in this story also highlights the complexity of its symbolism. Some scholars argue that the serpent’s actions were not entirely malevolent but rather served as a catalyst for human growth and self-awareness. In this interpretation, the serpent represents the duality of human nature and the necessity of facing challenges in order to develop spiritually.

The Bronze Serpent in the Wilderness

In the book of Numbers, there is a curious incident involving a bronze serpent. As the Israelites wandered in the wilderness, they faced divine punishment in the form of venomous snakes. However, God instructed Moses to fashion a bronze serpent and raise it on a pole. Those who looked at the bronze serpent were healed from the snake bites.

Here, the serpent serves as a symbol of healing and salvation, as well as a reminder of the importance of faith and trust in divine providence.

This episode also highlights the transformative power of symbols. The bronze serpent, initially associated with danger and fear, becomes an instrument of deliverance and hope. It demonstrates the capacity of God to transform negative circumstances into opportunities for redemption and growth.

Snakes as Symbols of Evil and Deception

Snakes are often associated with malevolence and deception in biblical literature. For example, in the New Testament, Jesus refers to the Pharisees as a “brood of vipers,” highlighting their hypocrisy and wickedness. Similarly, in the book of Revelation, the devil is depicted as a great dragon or serpent, perpetuating evil and leading astray.

These instances reinforce the negative connotations of snakes in the Bible, representing deceit, temptation, and the forces of evil.

However, it is important to note that not all references to snakes in the Bible carry negative implications. In some instances, snakes symbolize wisdom and divine protection. For instance, in the book of Matthew, Jesus encourages his disciples to be “wise as serpents” in navigating the challenges of spreading the gospel.

Furthermore, in ancient Near Eastern cultures, snakes were often associated with fertility and renewal. This positive symbolism is echoed in the book of Isaiah, where the image of a snake shedding its skin is used as a metaphor for the transformation and renewal of the nation of Israel.

Overall, the symbolism of snakes in the Bible is multifaceted, encompassing both positive and negative aspects. It serves as a reminder of the complexities of human nature, the power of divine intervention, and the ongoing battle between good and evil.

Biblical Passages Mentioning Snakes

The Bible mentions snakes in various passages, both in the Old and New Testaments. These references provide further insight into the role of snakes in biblical narratives and teachings.

Snakes have long held a significant place in human history and mythology. In many cultures, they are seen as symbols of both good and evil, representing wisdom, transformation, fertility, and even immortality. In the biblical context, snakes often carry symbolic meanings that reflect the moral and spiritual lessons conveyed in the scriptures.

Old Testament References

In the Old Testament, there are several instances where snakes are mentioned. For instance, in Numbers 21:6, snakes are sent to punish the Israelites for their disobedience. The Israelites, grumbling and complaining against God and Moses, were plagued by venomous snakes as a consequence of their actions. This event serves as a reminder of the consequences of disobedience and the importance of trust and obedience in God’s guidance.

Another notable reference is found in Job 26:13, where Job recounts God’s power, describing how He pierced the fleeing serpent. This passage emphasizes God’s sovereignty and omnipotence, showcasing His ability to overcome evil and defeat the forces that oppose His divine plan.

These passages demonstrate the significance of snakes as divine instruments, representing justice, punishment, and divine power. They serve as cautionary tales, urging readers to remain faithful and obedient to God’s commandments.

New Testament References

The New Testament also contains references to snakes. In Luke 10:19, Jesus promises his followers the power to trample on serpents and scorpions, symbolizing authority over evil. This assurance of protection against harm reinforces the belief in the power of faith and the authority bestowed upon believers to resist and overcome the temptations and attacks of the enemy.

Additionally, in Mark 16:18, it is stated that believers will be able to handle snakes without harm. This passage, often referred to as the “Great Commission,” emphasizes the supernatural signs that will accompany those who preach the Gospel and spread God’s message. The ability to handle snakes without harm serves as a metaphor for the divine protection and guidance that will be granted to those who dedicate their lives to serving God.

These passages highlight the power and protection granted to those who have faith and follow God. They reassure believers of God’s presence in their lives, offering comfort and encouragement in times of adversity.

Theological Interpretations of Snakes in the Bible

Throughout Christian history, theologians have offered various interpretations of the symbolism of snakes in the Bible. These interpretations shed light on the theological implications of snakes and their significance for believers.

Traditional Christian Interpretations

In traditional Christian interpretations, snakes are seen as representations of Satan and the Fall of Man. The story of the serpent in the Garden of Eden is understood as a cautionary tale about the dangers of yielding to temptation and the consequences of disobeying God’s commandments.

Additionally, the bronze serpent in the wilderness is often seen as a foreshadowing of Christ’s crucifixion, linking the healing power of looking upon the bronze serpent to the redemptive work of Jesus on the cross.

Other Religious Perspectives on Biblical Snakes

While traditional Christian interpretations dominate, it is essential to acknowledge other religious perspectives on biblical snakes. In some Eastern religions, snakes symbolize wisdom, transformation, and spiritual enlightenment.

These alternative interpretations reflect the diversity of religious thought and serve as a reminder that symbolism can be interpreted in various ways.

Snakes in Apocalyptic Literature of the Bible

The apocalyptic literature in the Bible, such as the book of Revelation, abounds with vivid imagery, including the representation of snakes. These depictions convey powerful metaphors of ultimate victory, judgment, and the triumph of good over evil.

The Serpent in the Book of Revelation

In the book of Revelation, the serpent makes a reappearance as the dragon, symbolizing the embodiment of evil and chaos. However, this serpent is eventually defeated by the power of God and the Lamb, culminating in the restoration of peace and God’s kingdom.

This portrayal emphasizes the ultimate defeat of evil and the victory of righteousness, sustaining the hope and faith of believers.

The Role of Snakes in Biblical Miracles and Stories

Snakes play a significant role in various biblical miracles and stories, showcasing God’s power, protection, and the faithfulness of His servants.

Moses and the Pharaoh’s Sorcerers

When Moses confronted Pharaoh, God performed miracles through His servant to prove His supremacy. One of these miracles involved Moses’ staff transforming into a serpent, which then devoured the serpents produced by the sorcerers of Pharaoh’s court.

This story not only demonstrates God’s superiority over false gods but also showcases the power of obedience and faith in His chosen messengers.

Paul’s Encounter with a Viper in Acts

In the book of Acts, the apostle Paul endures a shipwreck on the island of Malta. While gathering firewood, a poisonous viper bites him. However, Paul miraculously suffers no harm and remains unharmed, astonishing the islanders and affirming his divine calling.

This incident highlights God’s protection over His servants and serves as a testament to the faithfulness of those who follow His path.


The biblical text offers a multifaceted exploration of snakes, their symbolism, and their role in various narratives and teachings. Snakes in the Bible epitomize both positive and negative aspects, symbolizing evil, temptation, healing, and protection. Through their appearances in biblical passages, theological interpretations, representation in apocalyptic literature, and role in miracles and stories, snakes serve as powerful symbols, inviting reflection, and contemplation for believers and readers alike.


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