What Does The Bible Say About The Environment?

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A pristine natural landscape with a river

In today’s world, the environment and its protection have become pressing concerns for individuals and communities alike. As we strive to make wise choices and take responsibility for our actions towards the planet, it is natural to wonder what guidance the Bible provides on this important subject. Understanding the biblical perspective on the environment can help us draw inspiration and direction from its teachings. In this article, we will explore the various aspects of the Bible’s viewpoint and how they can inform our approach towards environmental stewardship.

Understanding the Biblical Perspective on the Environment

The Genesis Account: The Creation of the Environment

The Bible begins with the profound account of God’s creation of the world. In Genesis, we find the narrative of how God spoke the world into existence, forming the land, sea, sky, and all living creatures. This beautiful account illustrates God’s intentionality and creativity in crafting the environment we inhabit.

As we delve deeper into the Genesis account, we discover the intricate details of God’s creative process. From the majestic mountains to the vast oceans, every element of the environment was carefully designed by God. The mountains rise high, providing a home for diverse ecosystems and serving as a breathtaking backdrop to our lives. The oceans teem with life, their currents and tides shaping the climate and sustaining countless species.

Furthermore, throughout the creation story, God repeatedly reveals His delight in His creation, declaring it good. This highlights the intrinsic value and importance of the environment in God’s eyes. The gentle rustling of leaves in the wind, the vibrant colors of a sunset, and the symphony of birdsong all reflect the beauty and wonder of God’s creation. As stewards of His creation, it is our responsibility to recognize and uphold this inherent worth, treating the environment with care and respect.

The Role of Humans in the Environment According to the Bible

While the Bible emphasizes the value of the environment, it also emphasizes the significant role of humans within it. In Genesis 1:26, God gives humanity dominion over the earth, entrusting us with the responsibility to rule and care for it. This dominion, however, should not be misinterpreted as a license to exploit or harm the environment.

Instead, our dominion entails the call to be faithful stewards, caring for and nurturing God’s creation. This involves recognizing our interconnectedness with nature, appreciating its delicacy, and making choices that promote its well-being. When we walk through a lush forest, we witness the intricate web of life that depends on the health of each organism. From the smallest insect to the grandest tree, every living being plays a vital role in maintaining the balance of the ecosystem.

By fulfilling our role responsibly, we can contribute to the flourishing of both the environment and all the living creatures it encompasses. This means adopting sustainable practices in our daily lives, such as conserving water, reducing waste, and embracing renewable energy sources. It means advocating for policies that protect the environment and preserve biodiversity. It means cherishing the natural world as a reflection of God’s wisdom and creativity.

Ultimately, understanding the biblical perspective on the environment invites us to cultivate a deep reverence for God’s creation. It prompts us to see ourselves as caretakers of a precious gift, entrusted with the task of preserving its beauty and abundance for future generations. As we embark on this journey, may we be guided by love, wisdom, and a profound sense of gratitude for the environment that sustains us all.

Biblical Passages Highlighting Environmental Stewardship

Old Testament Teachings on the Environment

The Old Testament provides numerous passages that reaffirm the importance of environmental stewardship. For instance, in Proverbs 12:10, we are reminded that “The righteous care for the needs of their animals.” This verse encapsulates the biblical principle of compassion towards animals and the responsibility to ensure their well-being.

This principle goes beyond mere care for animals; it extends to the broader concept of environmental stewardship. By recognizing the interconnectedness of all living beings, the Bible urges us to be mindful of how our actions impact the delicate balance of nature. It calls us to consider not only the well-being of animals but also the preservation of ecosystems and the sustainability of natural resources.

Furthermore, Deuteronomy 22:6 teaches us the importance of preserving biodiversity and not depleting natural resources recklessly. It states, “Do not take the mother bird with the young,” illustrating the care we should take to ensure the sustainability of wildlife populations.

This commandment serves as a reminder that our actions have consequences, not only for present generations but also for future ones. It compels us to think beyond our immediate needs and desires, urging us to adopt a long-term perspective that values the preservation of God’s creation.

Moreover, the Psalmist declares in Psalm 24:1, “The earth is the Lord’s, and everything in it, the world, and all who live in it.” This verse underscores God’s ownership of the earth and our role as His stewards, inspiring us to protect and nurture the environment as an act of worship.

When we recognize that the earth belongs to God, we understand that our responsibility as stewards is not merely a suggestion but a sacred duty. We are called to treat the environment with reverence and respect, recognizing that our actions reflect our relationship with the Creator.

New Testament Insights on Environmental Care

The New Testament also provides insights into environmental care. In Romans 8:19-22, the apostle Paul highlights the interconnectedness of creation, stating that “the creation waits in eager expectation for the children of God to be revealed.” He further explains that creation itself groans in anticipation of its redemption and liberation from corruption.

This passage invites us to reflect on the profound impact of human actions on the natural world. It reminds us that our choices and behaviors have consequences that extend far beyond our immediate surroundings. Just as creation eagerly awaits the revelation of God’s children, it also yearns for our responsible stewardship that promotes healing, restoration, and renewal.

This understanding guides us towards an understanding that our actions, as stewards of creation, impact not only the environment but also its inhabitants. It calls us to examine our choices and strive for justice and sustainability, aligning our lives with God’s redemptive plan for the world.

By embracing the biblical teachings on environmental stewardship, we become active participants in God’s ongoing work of creation and restoration. We recognize that our role as stewards goes beyond mere caretaking; it involves actively working towards the flourishing of all life on Earth.

As we navigate the complexities of the modern world, let us draw inspiration from these biblical passages and strive to be faithful stewards of the environment. Let us cultivate a deep sense of responsibility towards all living beings and commit ourselves to preserving and protecting God’s creation for generations to come.

The Concept of ‘Dominion’ and its Environmental Implications

Misinterpretations of ‘Dominion’

Unfortunately, the concept of dominion over the earth has been misinterpreted and misused throughout history, leading to a disregard for the environment. Some have taken dominion to mean domination and exploitation, using it as an excuse for reckless practices and environmental degradation.

However, such misinterpretations directly contradict the biblical call to responsible stewardship. True dominion entails wise and conscientious management of the earth, recognizing both its value and vulnerability. It requires us to consider the long-term consequences of our actions and make choices that honor God’s creation.

A Balanced View of ‘Dominion’

A balanced understanding of dominion acknowledges our responsibility to care for the environment, safeguarding its health and promoting sustainable practices. It invites us to cultivate a deep respect for nature, recognizing that we are part of a larger ecosystem and dependent on its flourishing for our own well-being.

By embracing a balanced view of dominion, we can actively engage in environmental efforts, seeking to preserve and restore the beauty and functionality of the world around us. Through responsible stewardship, we honor God’s intentions and demonstrate our love and gratitude for His creation.

The Bible and Modern Environmental Issues

Climate Change and the Bible

In recent years, climate change has become a prominent environmental concern. The Bible does not directly address this specific issue, given its historical context. However, its teachings on stewardship, justice, and love for neighbors can guide us in responding to the challenges of climate change.

As Christians, we are called to act with compassion and seek justice for the vulnerable, who often bear the brunt of environmental changes. By advocating for sustainable practices and supporting initiatives that mitigate climate change, we actively participate in God’s redemptive work in the world.

Deforestation and Biblical Principles

Deforestation poses another significant challenge in our modern world. God’s Word encourages us to value and care for forests, recognizing their vital role in maintaining ecological balance and providing habitat for a wide range of species.

Scriptures such as Isaiah 41:19 remind us of the importance of trees: “I will put in the wilderness the cedar, the acacia, the myrtle, and the olive. I will set in the desert the cypress, the plane, and the pine together.” These verses highlight God’s intention to bring life and restoration through the presence of trees, inspiring us to combat deforestation and promote reforestation efforts.

Practical Ways to Apply Biblical Teachings on the Environment

Living Sustainably: A Biblical Mandate

One practical way to apply biblical teachings on the environment is by living sustainably. This involves adopting habits that reduce our ecological footprint and conserve resources. Simple actions, such as reducing waste, conserving energy, and consuming responsibly, can make a significant impact.

Furthermore, supporting local and sustainable food systems, embracing renewable energy sources, and prioritizing public transportation or carpooling are practical steps towards reducing our negative impact on the environment. By aligning our lifestyle choices with our faith, we actively participate in caring for God’s creation.

Advocacy for Environmental Justice: A Christian Duty

As followers of Christ, we are called to seek justice for all, including the environment. Environmental justice involves recognizing and addressing the disproportionate impact of environmental degradation on marginalized communities, who often lack the resources and power to defend their rights to a healthy environment.

Through advocacy and support for environmental policies that promote equality and sustainability, we can work towards a more just and equitable world. By actively engaging in issues of environmental justice, we demonstrate our commitment to love, compassion, and responsible stewardship.


The Bible provides valuable insights and teachings on the environment, guiding us towards responsible stewardship and active participation in God’s redemptive plan for creation. By understanding the biblical perspective on the environment, applying its principles to our lives, and advocating for justice, we can be agents of positive change. Let us embrace our role as faithful stewards, nurturing and protecting God’s creation for future generations.


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