What Does The Bible Say About Wearing Black?

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A bible laying next to a black piece of clothing

In various religious and cultural contexts, the color black holds different meanings and symbolisms. The Bible, as one of the most influential religious texts, contains several references to colors, including black. Understanding the significance of color in the Bible can provide insights into how black is perceived and interpreted within a biblical context. Let us explore the biblical meaning of black and its interpretations, along with the role of cultural context in biblical interpretation and practical applications of wearing black in religious settings.

Understanding the Significance of Color in the Bible

Colors play a significant role in the Bible, often conveying spiritual and symbolic messages. Each color carries its own distinct meaning, and its interpretation can vary depending on the biblical context. By examining the biblical references to various colors, we can unravel the deeper symbolism attached to each hue.

The use of color symbolism in the Bible can be traced back to ancient times. In biblical times, colors were not only visually appealing but also held profound cultural and religious significance. They were used to represent various emotions, ideas, and concepts, adding depth and richness to the biblical narratives.

The Biblical Meaning of Black

In the Bible, black is often associated with mourning, sin, and evil. It symbolizes a state of darkness, judgment, and the absence of light. The color black is mentioned in several biblical passages to depict sorrow, grief, and the consequences of wrongdoing. It serves as a stark contrast to the purity and brightness associated with light colors, such as white.

However, it is essential to consider the cultural and historical context in interpreting the biblical meaning of black. Symbolism can evolve over time, and what may have represented darkness and judgment in one era could have a different connotation in another. Therefore, studying the biblical references to black requires careful analysis and an understanding of the cultural milieu in which they were written.

One notable instance where black is mentioned in the Bible is in the Book of Lamentations. The author, believed to be the prophet Jeremiah, laments the destruction of Jerusalem and the captivity of the Israelites. He describes the city’s desolation, saying, “How the gold has grown dim, the pure gold changed! The holy stones lie scattered at the head of every street” (Lamentations 4:1, ESV). This vivid imagery of darkness and ruin reinforces the association of black with mourning and devastation.

Other Significant Colors in the Bible

While black holds its share of symbolism, other colors also carry deep meanings in the Bible. Understanding these colors in conjunction with black provides a comprehensive understanding of biblical color symbolism.

White, for instance, represents purity and holiness. It is often associated with God’s righteousness and the divine presence. In the New Testament, Jesus is portrayed as transfigured, with his clothes becoming “dazzling white” (Mark 9:3, NIV), symbolizing his divine nature and glory.

Red, on the other hand, symbolizes sacrifice and redemption. It is closely associated with the blood of Christ, shed for the forgiveness of sins. The color red is mentioned in the context of atonement and salvation, reminding believers of the ultimate sacrifice made by Jesus on the cross.

Blue signifies heavenly truths and divine revelation. It is often associated with the sky and the celestial realm. In the Old Testament, the Israelites were commanded to wear a blue thread on the tassels of their garments as a reminder of God’s commandments and their covenant with Him (Numbers 15:38-39).

Green represents fertility and growth. It is often associated with abundance, vitality, and the flourishing of life. In the Psalms, the righteous are likened to “a tree planted by streams of water that yields its fruit in its season, and its leaf does not wither” (Psalm 1:3, ESV). The color green serves as a reminder of God’s provision and the blessings that come from walking in His ways.

By exploring the biblical meanings of black and other significant colors, we can gain a deeper understanding of the symbolism and messages embedded within the scriptures. Colors, in their various shades and contexts, serve as powerful tools for conveying spiritual truths and enriching our understanding of God’s Word.

Biblical References to the Color Black

Old Testament References

Throughout the Old Testament, we find references to the color black that reflect its symbolic significance. In the book of Job, darkness is described as a dwelling place for wickedness (Job 3:5). This portrayal of darkness as a symbol of evil emphasizes the contrast between light and darkness, good and evil.

In Lamentations, the state of mourning and destitution is portrayed using the symbolism of black (Lamentations 5:10). The color black is associated with grief and sorrow, capturing the emotional depth of the lamentations. It serves as a visual representation of the despair and anguish experienced by the people.

Furthermore, in the book of Jeremiah, black is used to describe the skin color of the people who were captured and taken into exile (Jeremiah 8:21). This usage of black highlights the physical and emotional suffering endured by the exiled community.

Overall, in different contexts, black is linked to gloom, despair, and wickedness in the Old Testament. Its negative connotations serve to emphasize the contrast between darkness and light, and the moral implications associated with each.

New Testament References

In the New Testament, black is not explicitly mentioned as frequently as in the Old Testament. However, Jesus uses contrasts between light and darkness, figuratively representing good and evil. In John 3:19-21, Jesus speaks of light coming into the world, but people choosing darkness because their deeds are evil. This metaphorical usage of darkness implies moral wrongdoing and the rejection of truth and righteousness.

Furthermore, in Matthew 6:22-23, Jesus speaks about the eye being the lamp of the body. He states that if the eye is healthy and full of light, the whole body will be full of light. But if the eye is unhealthy and full of darkness, the whole body will be full of darkness. This metaphorical usage highlights the importance of spiritual perception and the consequences of moral blindness.

The absence of direct references to black in the New Testament suggests a shift in the focus of symbolism, highlighting the significance of other colors. However, the contrast between light and darkness remains a central theme, emphasizing the moral implications associated with each.

In conclusion, biblical references to the color black in both the Old and New Testaments reveal its symbolic significance. In the Old Testament, black is associated with wickedness, mourning, and despair, emphasizing the contrast between light and darkness. In the New Testament, while not explicitly mentioned as frequently, black is symbolically represented through contrasts between light and darkness, highlighting the moral implications associated with each.

Interpretations of Black in Biblical Context

Black as a Symbol of Mourning

Mourning plays a significant role in numerous biblical narratives, and the color black is often associated with this expression of grief. The wearing of black garments during times of sadness and loss serves as a visible representation of mourning, a practice rooted in biblical times. By wearing black, individuals symbolize their sorrow and seek solace in the shared experience of loss.

Black as a Symbol of Sin and Evil

Black is also symbolically linked to sin and evil in the Bible. It portrays the darkness and wickedness that permeates the world. As humanity’s fallen state, sin is depicted as engulfing hearts and souls in darkness. By associating black with sin, the Bible emphasizes the need for redemption and spiritual transformation.

Black as a Symbol of Mystery and the Unknown

Beyond mourning and sin, black carries an aura of mystery and the unknown. Like a dark night sky filled with enigmatic stars, black represents the hidden aspects of life and the mysteries yet to be revealed. In this sense, black alludes to the boundaries of human understanding and the vastness of God’s omniscience.

The Role of Cultural Context in Biblical Interpretation

Historical Context of Color Symbolism

Interpreting the biblical meaning of colors requires considering the historical and cultural context in which the texts were written. The symbolism attached to colors may vary across different time periods and societies. The cultural influences on color symbolism shape interpretations and must be taken into account for a comprehensive understanding of biblical teachings.

Modern Interpretations and Misconceptions

Contemporary interpretations of biblical color symbolism may differ from those in ancient times. Society’s evolving perspectives and cultural context influence how individuals perceive and interpret black and other emblematic colors. It is crucial to distinguish between traditional interpretations and modern misconceptions when exploring the significance of colors in the Bible.

Practical Applications: Wearing Black in Religious Settings

Black in Clerical Wear

Within religious settings, black often holds significance, particularly in clerical attire. Clergy members, such as priests and pastors, commonly wear black robes or garments, representing humility, reverence, and a separation from worldly distractions. The color black, with its associations of mystery and the sacred, visually signifies the clergy’s role in guiding the faithful.

Black in Mourning Practices

Just as black is traditionally associated with mourning in biblical times, the practice of wearing black as a symbol of grief continues today. In religious funeral ceremonies, mourners may wear black attire as a visible expression of their sorrow and respect for the deceased. This tradition serves as a reminder of the transient nature of life and the hope of eventual restoration.

Personal Choice and Convictions in Wearing Black

In deciding whether to wear black in religious settings, personal choice and convictions play a crucial role. While some may find comfort and meaning in wearing black, others may prefer to focus on different aspects of spirituality and symbolism. It is essential to respect individual preferences and understand that the significance of black may vary among individuals and communities.


The Bible offers insights into the meaning and symbolism behind the color black. While it is associated with mourning, sin, and the unknown, the interpretation of black in a biblical context requires careful consideration of the historical, cultural, and individual dimensions. Understanding the significance of colors in the Bible helps us appreciate the rich symbolism woven into religious practices, including the wearing of black in various religious settings.


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