What Does The Bible Say About White Wedding Dresses?

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A white wedding dress draped over a wooden hanger

White wedding dresses have become an iconic symbol of purity and innocence in Western culture. However, their significance goes beyond fashion trends and cultural norms. In fact, the Bible has several references that shed light on the meaning of white garments, including wedding dresses. This article aims to explore the biblical interpretation of white, the origin of white wedding dresses, biblical references to wedding attire, modern interpretations of white wedding dresses, and the Bible’s influence on modern wedding traditions.

Understanding the Symbolism of White in the Bible

White holds a special symbolism in the Bible, representing purity and innocence. It is often associated with righteousness, holiness, and divine presence. The color white is frequently mentioned in biblical texts and carries great significance in various events and occasions.

Purity and Innocence: The Biblical Interpretation of White

In the biblical context, white is closely linked to the concepts of purity and innocence. It represents a state of being free from sin and moral blemishes. White signifies the righteousness of God and is often associated with the heavenly realm. In Revelation 7:14, it is stated, “They have washed their robes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb,” highlighting the symbolic cleansing and forgiveness offered through Jesus’ sacrifice.

Furthermore, white is frequently used to describe individuals who have been purified and made righteous by God. For example, in Daniel 12:10, it states, “Many shall be purified, made white, and refined.” This demonstrates how white garments symbolize the transformed and redeemed nature of believers.

White also represents the spiritual rebirth and renewal that comes from accepting Jesus as one’s savior. Just as a white garment is clean and unstained, believers are cleansed of their sins and made pure through their faith in Christ. This symbolism of white serves as a reminder of the new life and spiritual transformation that believers experience.

White Garments in Biblical Events

White garments are mentioned in various significant biblical events. For instance, in the transfiguration account found in Matthew 17:2, it describes Jesus’ appearance: “And He was transfigured before them. His face shone like the sun, and His clothes became as white as the light.” This extraordinary occurrence demonstrates how white garments can be associated with divine revelation and glory.

Another notable reference to white attire is found in the resurrection account of Jesus. In Mark 16:5, it states, “Entering the tomb, they saw a young man sitting at the right, wearing a white robe.” This angelic figure clad in white signifies the victory over death and the promise of eternal life.

White garments are also seen in the vision of the heavenly throne room described in Revelation 4:4, where it mentions the twenty-four elders clothed in white garments. This imagery conveys the purity and holiness of those in the presence of God.

Furthermore, white clothing is associated with angelic beings throughout the Bible. In Matthew 28:3, when the angel appeared at Jesus’ empty tomb, it says, “His appearance was like lightning, and his clothing white as snow.” This depiction emphasizes the divine nature and celestial origin of angels.

Overall, the symbolism of white in the Bible is rich and multifaceted. It represents purity, innocence, righteousness, and divine presence. White garments are often associated with significant biblical events and convey powerful messages of spiritual transformation, victory, and eternal life.

The Origin of White Wedding Dresses

The tradition of wearing white wedding dresses can be traced back to ancient times. However, it wasn’t until the nineteenth century that white wedding dresses became popularized, largely due to the influence of Queen Victoria.

The Historical Context of White Wedding Dresses

Prior to Queen Victoria’s wedding in 1840, brides wore a variety of colors for their wedding attire. White was not exclusively reserved for weddings, and it was not considered a symbol of purity. However, Queen Victoria’s choice of a white wedding dress sparked a trend that has endured for centuries.

In order to fully understand the significance of Queen Victoria’s decision, it is important to delve into the historical context of the time. The Victorian era was characterized by strict social norms and expectations, particularly when it came to matters of morality and virtue. Marriage was seen as a sacred union, and brides were expected to embody purity and innocence on their wedding day.

Queen Victoria’s decision to wear a white gown was seen as a reflection of her personal purity and virginal status. It was an unconventional choice at the time, as white was associated with mourning rather than weddings. However, Queen Victoria, known for her independent spirit, defied societal expectations and chose to wear a white wedding dress.

Her choice made a powerful statement and challenged the existing norms. The public was captivated by her boldness and the symbolism behind her decision. The white wedding dress became a symbol of purity and innocence, aligning perfectly with the Victorian ideals of morality and virtue.

Influence of Queen Victoria on White Wedding Dresses

Queen Victoria’s wedding dress marked a shift in wedding traditions and set a precedent for future brides. Her choice of white symbolized purity and innocence, solidifying its association with weddings. Following her wedding, white wedding dresses became increasingly sought after, solidifying their place as a standard symbol of bridal purity.

The influence of Queen Victoria extended beyond her own wedding. As the Queen of England, her actions and choices had a significant impact on fashion trends and societal norms. Her white wedding dress became a symbol of status and sophistication, and soon, women of all social classes desired to emulate her style.

With the rise of industrialization and the expansion of the middle class, more women had the means to invest in extravagant wedding dresses. The white wedding dress became a symbol of wealth and social standing, as only those who could afford such a luxurious garment could truly embody the ideals of purity and innocence associated with it.

Over time, the tradition of wearing white wedding dresses spread beyond the borders of England and became a global phenomenon. The influence of Queen Victoria’s choice transcended cultural boundaries and became a timeless symbol of love and purity.

Today, the tradition of wearing a white wedding dress continues to be deeply ingrained in Western wedding culture. While there have been variations and reinterpretations of the style over the years, the underlying symbolism of purity and innocence remains at the core of this cherished tradition.

Biblical References to Wedding Attire

While the Bible does not explicitly mention wedding dresses, there are several references to wedding attire and garments in general that provide insights into the significance of attire in biblical times.

The Parable of the Wedding Feast

In Matthew 22:1-14, Jesus tells the parable of the wedding feast, which provides insight into the importance of appropriate wedding attire. In this parable, a king throws a wedding banquet for his son, but one of the guests is not wearing the proper garment. The king then instructs his servants to “bind him hand and foot and cast him into the outer darkness” (Matthew 22:13). This parable signifies the need for spiritual readiness and moral purity when participating in the kingdom of God.

The Bride of Christ in Revelation

Revelation portrays the ultimate culmination of the union between Christ and His bride, symbolized as a pure and radiant city. In Revelation 21:2, it describes the new Jerusalem, saying, “And I saw the holy city, New Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.” This imagery highlights the beauty and holiness associated with the bride of Christ, alluding to the importance of purity and righteousness.

Modern Interpretation of White Wedding Dresses

The Evolution of White Wedding Dress Significance

Over time, the significance of white wedding dresses has evolved. While they continue to symbolize purity for many, the emphasis on purity as virginity has become less prominent. Modern interpretations of white wedding dresses focus more on the symbolism of a new beginning and the joyous celebration of love and commitment.

White wedding dresses are often regarded as a symbol of unity, representing the joining of two individuals in marriage. They signify the bride’s willingness to embark on a lifelong journey with her partner, embracing the challenges and joys that lie ahead.

Contemporary Views on White Wedding Dresses

Contemporary views on white wedding dresses vary among individuals and cultures. While many still favor traditional white gowns, others opt for alternative colors or styles that reflect their personal preferences and cultural backgrounds.

It is important to remember that the significance of wedding attire goes beyond color and fashion trends. Ultimately, what matters most is the commitment and love shared between the couple, regardless of the color of the dress.

The Bible and Modern Wedding Traditions

Other Biblical Influences on Weddings

Aside from the symbolism of white wedding dresses, the Bible has influenced various other aspects of modern wedding traditions. For instance, the exchange of vows and the sanctity of marriage find their roots in biblical teachings.

The Bible also emphasizes the importance of marriage as a representation of Christ’s relationship with the church, providing a strong foundation for the institution of marriage.

The Role of Tradition in Christian Weddings

In Christian weddings, tradition plays a significant role in shaping the ceremony and its various elements. While not explicitly mandated in the Bible, customs such as the exchange of rings, the presence of bridesmaids and groomsmen, and the reading of biblical verses during the ceremony are common practices in many Christian wedding ceremonies.

By incorporating these traditions, couples aim to honor their faith, demonstrate their commitment to biblical principles, and create a sacred atmosphere for their union.


White wedding dresses have a rich history rooted in biblical symbolism and cultural evolution. From their representation of purity and innocence to their ties to the influence of Queen Victoria, white wedding dresses continue to hold significance in modern weddings. While interpretations may vary, the underlying message of love, commitment, and the joining of two lives remains the focal point of this cherished tradition.


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