What Does The Bible Say About Widows?

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Widows hold a unique position in biblical literature and are often highlighted as individuals who need special care and attention. In this article, we will explore the biblical perspective on widows, delve into the Old and New Testaments’ views, examine the role and status of widows, and discuss God’s commandments concerning widows. Additionally, we will take a closer look at some notable widows mentioned in the Bible. Prepare to gain a comprehensive understanding of what the Bible says about widows.

Understanding the Biblical Perspective on Widows

Before we dive into specific verses and teachings, let’s first understand the overall biblical perspective on widows. The Bible emphasizes the importance of caring for widows and treating them with kindness and compassion. It acknowledges the vulnerability and needs of widows, promoting the idea of supporting and providing for them.

The biblical perspective on widows extends beyond a mere obligation to help those in need. It reflects God’s heart for the marginalized and disadvantaged members of society, highlighting the importance of justice, mercy, and love for our fellow human beings.

The Old Testament’s View on Widows

In the Old Testament, widows were often considered among the most vulnerable members of society. The Book of Exodus instructs the Israelites to not mistreat or oppress widows, challenging them to remember their own experiences as slaves in Egypt and to show compassion and fairness to those in similar situations.

Furthermore, the Book of Deuteronomy explicitly emphasizes God’s concern for widows, urging the Israelites to leave behind a portion of their harvest for the widows, orphans, and foreigners living in their midst. This call for social responsibility showcases God’s desire for His people to actively care for widows, extending care beyond simple empathy.

The New Testament’s View on Widows

The New Testament similarly reiterates the importance of caring for widows. In the Gospel of Mark, Jesus critiques the religious leaders of His time who exploit widows and emphasizes their accountability before God for such actions. This serves as a powerful reminder to the early Christian community about the significance of supporting widows and highlighting the integrity and sincerity of their faith.

The Apostle Paul also addresses the issue of widows within the early church in his First Epistle to Timothy. He outlines specific criteria for the support of widows, calling for the church to care for those who are truly in need and without immediate family to assist them. This passage illustrates both the practical and compassionate approach the early Christians took towards widows.

Biblical Verses About Widows

Now let’s explore some biblical verses that shed light on the topic of widows. We will examine both the Old Testament and New Testament teachings that emphasize the care and concern God has for widows.

Verses from the Old Testament

One poignant example is found in the Book of Psalms, where King David sings of God’s love and faithfulness to widows and orphans. He praises God for being a protector and provider for those who have lost their spouses.

  1. Psalm 68:5 – “A father of the fatherless, a defender of widows, Is God in His holy habitation.”
  2. Psalm 146:9 – “The Lord watches over the strangers; He relieves the fatherless and widow.”

Verses from the New Testament

In the New Testament, Jesus Himself sets an example of compassion for widows. He demonstrates this during an encounter with a widow in the town of Nain, where He raises her deceased son back to life, providing both emotional and practical support during her time of grief.

  • Luke 7:12-13 – “And when He came near the gate of the city, behold, a dead man was being carried out, the only son of his mother; and she was a widow. And a large crowd from the city was with her. When the Lord saw her, He had compassion on her and said to her, ‘Do not weep.’”

These verses remind us of God’s heart for widows and encourage us to follow the biblical example of showing empathy and support for those who have lost their spouses.

The Role and Status of Widows in the Bible

Widows hold specific roles and statuses in biblical narratives, shedding light on their experiences and their place within society and religious communities. By examining various examples, we can gain a deeper appreciation for the challenges and triumphs faced by these individuals.

Widows in the Early Israelite Society

In ancient Israel, widows faced significant hardships due to their loss of protection, financial stability, and social support. The story of Ruth, a Moabite widow, provides a compelling account of a woman navigating the complexities of widowhood and finding favor in the eyes of God.

Despite her vulnerable status, Ruth’s devotion to her widowed mother-in-law, Naomi, leads her to a new life, ultimately leading her to the lineage of King David and, consequently, Jesus Christ. This story highlights the resilience and faithfulness of widows, emphasizing their potential for redemption and purpose within God’s plan.

Widows in the New Testament Era

In the New Testament era, widows played a significant role in the early Christian community. They were often supported by the church and entrusted with important responsibilities. One notable example is the account of the Widow’s Offering in the Gospel of Mark.

Jesus observes numerous people making offerings at the temple, including a poor widow who contributes only two small coins, worth a fraction of what others give. Despite the seemingly insignificant amount, Jesus praises the widow’s sacrificial giving, highlighting the importance of their actions in contrast to the wealthier individuals. This story showcases the value that widows bring to the community and emphasizes their spiritual contribution.

God’s Commandments Concerning Widows

In addition to highlighting widows’ importance, the Bible contains specific commandments addressing the treatment and care of widows. These commandments reflect God’s heart for the vulnerable and provide guidance for the believers to follow.

Protection and Provision for Widows

God’s commandments concerning widows emphasize the need to protect and provide for them. They call for the fair distribution of resources and ensuring that widows are not neglected or exploited.

  • Exodus 22:22-24 – “You shall not afflict any widow or fatherless child. If you afflict them in any way, and they cry at all to Me, I will surely hear their cry; and My wrath will become hot.”
  • Jeremiah 22:3 – “Thus says the Lord: ‘Execute judgment and righteousness, and deliver the plundered out of the hand of the oppressor. Do no wrong and do no violence to the stranger, the fatherless, or the widow, nor shed innocent blood in this place.’”

The Responsibility of the Church and Society

The biblical teachings also emphasize the responsibility of the church and society as a whole in caring for widows. They call for an active role in meeting their physical and spiritual needs, ensuring they are not left to fend for themselves.

Throughout the New Testament, believers are encouraged to support widows in their distress, demonstrating the practical outworking of their faith.

  • James 1:27 – “Pure and undefiled religion before God and the Father is this: to visit orphans and widows in their trouble, and to keep oneself unspotted from the world.”
  • 1 Timothy 5:3-4 – “Honor widows who are really widows. But if any widow has children or grandchildren, let them first learn to show piety at home and to repay their parents; for this is good and acceptable before God.”

Notable Widows in the Bible

The Bible includes accounts of widows who have left lasting impressions through their faith and actions. These women faced unique challenges but found strength and hope in their allegiance to God.

The Widow of Zarephath

The Widow of Zarephath’s encounter with the Prophet Elijah showcases the power of obedience and faithfulness. In the midst of a severe famine, she selflessly provides for Elijah, trusting in God’s promise to sustain her and her son. Through her obedience, she witnesses a miraculous multiplication of flour and oil, enhancing her faith and changing her circumstances.

The Widow at the Temple

In the Gospel of Mark, Jesus observes a widow giving her offering at the temple. Despite her poverty, she gives all she has, showcasing her deep devotion and trust in God’s provision. This widow’s act of sacrificial giving serves as a powerful example for believers, encouraging us to have a generous and wholehearted attitude towards others.

The examples of these widows elucidate the strength and faithfulness exhibited within difficult circumstances. They serve as inspiring models for believers today, highlighting God’s faithfulness and the potential for transformation within the lives of widows.


Widows hold a unique place in the Bible and are subject to specific care and attention. The Scriptures provide guidance on how to treat and support widows, emphasizing the importance of compassion, justice, and provision. Throughout the Old and New Testaments, widows are valued members of the community, entrusted with important roles and responsibilities.

The stories of notable widows and their encounters with God showcase His faithfulness and desire to lift up the vulnerable. These narratives inspire believers to extend care and empathy to widows, while also reminding us of the importance of sacrificial giving, faith, and obedience.

As we reflect on the biblical perspective on widows, let us remember that it is our responsibility to extend love and support to those in need, embracing the call to be agents of God’s compassion and kindness in a world that desperately needs it.


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