What Does The Bible Say About Wills?

Answered on



An open bible with a quill and an old parchment paper

In our modern society, wills and estate planning have become an integral part of preparing for the future. But what does the Bible have to say about wills? How does it address the concept of inheritance and passing down possessions? Let’s dive into the biblical perspective on wills and explore the wisdom it offers.

Understanding the Concept of Wills in the Bible

Before we delve into the specifics, it’s essential to grasp the overall idea of wills as portrayed in the Bible. A will, in biblical terms, refers to the act of bequeathing one’s possessions and assets to others. It serves as a legal document to ensure the fair distribution of wealth after one’s death.

In biblical times, wills held significant importance and were closely tied to the concept of inheritance. Inheritance represented the passing down of possessions and responsibilities from one generation to another, ensuring the continuation of family lineage.

The Biblical Definition of a Will

The Bible itself does not explicitly define a will in legal terms. However, we can gather insights from various passages that shed light on the subject. Proverbs 13:22 states, “A good man leaves an inheritance to his children’s children.” This verse suggests that it is not only the act of leaving behind possessions but also the intention to benefit future generations that embodies the essence of a will.

Furthermore, Hebrews 9:16-17 highlights the necessity of a will: “For where a will is involved, the death of the one who made it must be established. For a will takes effect only at death, since it is not in force as long as the one who made it is alive.” This passage emphasizes that a will becomes valid and enforceable only after the demise of the testator.

The Importance of Wills in Biblical Times

In biblical times, wills played a vital role in ensuring the fair distribution of possessions within a family. They prevented disputes and provided a sense of security for beneficiaries. Deuteronomy 21:17 advises equal division of inheritance among children, stating, “But he shall acknowledge the firstborn, the son of the unloved, by giving him a double portion of all that he has, for he is the firstfruits of his strength; the right of the firstborn is his.”

This verse shows that while the firstborn was entitled to a double portion, other children still received an equal share in their inheritance. This principle of fair division demonstrates the biblical emphasis on justice and impartiality.

It is important to note that wills in biblical times were not limited to material possessions alone. They also encompassed the passing down of wisdom, blessings, and spiritual guidance. For example, in Genesis 27, Isaac blesses his son Jacob, bestowing upon him the birthright and inheritance. This act of blessing can be seen as a form of spiritual inheritance, where the patriarch passes down his authority and blessings to the next generation.

Additionally, wills in the Bible were not solely concerned with family inheritance. They also extended to the allocation of land and property among tribes and communities. In Joshua 14, we see the division of the Promised Land among the twelve tribes of Israel, ensuring that each tribe received their rightful portion.

Furthermore, wills in biblical times were not just a matter of personal choice but were guided by God’s instructions. In Numbers 27, the daughters of Zelophehad approached Moses and the leaders of Israel, seeking their father’s inheritance since he had no sons. God commanded Moses to grant them their father’s share, establishing the principle of inheritance rights for daughters as well.

Overall, the concept of wills in the Bible goes beyond mere legal documents. It encompasses the values of fairness, justice, and the passing down of material and spiritual blessings. Wills were a means of ensuring the continuity of family lineage, the equitable distribution of resources, and the fulfillment of God’s plans for His people.

Biblical Verses Related to Wills and Inheritance

Now, let’s explore specific biblical verses that provide guidance on wills and inheritance. The Word of God is rich with wisdom, offering insights relevant to both ancient times and our modern era.

Old Testament References

In the Old Testament, several passages highlight the importance of wills and the rightful distribution of possessions. For instance, Proverbs 19:14 states, “House and wealth are inherited from fathers, but a prudent wife is from the Lord.” Here, the focus is on the inheritance of material possessions, deeming it a valuable and legitimate practice.

Additionally, Deuteronomy 8:18 emphasizes the role of God in acquiring wealth, asserting, “You shall remember the Lord your God, for it is he who gives you power to get wealth.” This verse reminds us that the acquisition and distribution of wealth, including through wills, should always involve acknowledging and honoring God as the ultimate provider.

New Testament References

In the New Testament, Jesus addresses the issue of inheritance and wealth. In Luke 12:15, He advises against greed and materialism, cautioning that life does not consist of an abundance of possessions. This teaching reminds us that while wills may distribute earthly wealth, our focus should ultimately be on eternal treasures.

Furthermore, Paul’s writings offer insights into the responsibility that comes with wealth. In 1 Timothy 6:17-19, he instructs the rich to be generous and ready to share, highlighting the importance of using wealth for good and being mindful of the needs of others.

The Biblical Perspective on Writing Wills

Now that we understand the concept and importance of wills in the Bible, let’s explore the biblical principles guiding the act of writing a will.

The Role of Stewardship in Writing Wills

At the core of biblical principles is the concept of stewardship – the understanding that we are entrusted with resources for a purpose greater than ourselves. Writing a will provides an opportunity to exercise good stewardship by thoughtfully planning and distributing our possessions.

Through responsible estate planning, we can ensure that our assets are utilized wisely, benefiting both our loved ones and causes close to our hearts. As stewards, we are called to consider how our material blessings can make a positive impact on the lives of others.

The Concept of Generosity and Wills

Generosity is a recurring theme throughout the Bible. Writing a will provides a platform to incorporate this virtue, even beyond our earthly existence. Rather than solely focusing on our personal interests, a biblical perspective on wills encourages us to be generous and consider the needs of others.

By including charitable organizations or causes in our wills, we pass on our values and support the work of God’s kingdom even after we are gone. This act exemplifies the biblical principle of selflessness and reflects our desire to make a lasting impact on the world.

The Bible and Modern Wills

While the Bible does not offer a detailed guide to modern estate planning, its principles continue to guide believers in navigating this aspect of life. Let’s examine how biblical wisdom can be applied to our contemporary understanding of wills.

Applying Biblical Principles to Today’s Wills

Though the specifics of wills may differ in modern times, the underlying principles remain relevant. Applying biblical principles to will writing involves thoughtful consideration, fairness, and stewardship.

By seeking wise counsel and ensuring our wills align with biblical values, we can craft documents that reflect our faith and beliefs, enabling the smooth transfer of assets while promoting justice and unity among our beneficiaries.

The Bible’s Influence on Modern Estate Planning

The Bible’s teachings on wills and inheritance have undoubtedly influenced legal systems throughout history. Today, many legal frameworks recognize the importance of distributing wealth fairly and respecting a person’s right to dispose of their possessions.

Moreover, the biblical emphasis on stewardship and generosity has inspired many believers to incorporate charitable donations into their wills. This influence extends beyond legal requirements and encourages individuals to consider the impact of their wealth on others.

Common Misconceptions About Wills in the Bible

As with any topic, misconceptions can arise regarding wills in the Bible. Let’s address some of these misunderstandings and uncover the true biblical view.

Debunking Myths About Biblical Wills

One common misconception is that wills are unnecessary in biblical times since inheritance was predetermined. However, various biblical passages, as discussed earlier, clearly indicate the use of wills and the importance of just distribution.

Another misconception is that biblical wills are solely concerned with material possessions. While tangible assets have significance, the Bible also emphasizes the importance of passing on spiritual values, wisdom, and faith to future generations.

Understanding the True Biblical View on Wills

The true biblical view on wills encompasses both material and spiritual aspects. It acknowledges the importance of fair distribution while emphasizing the responsibility of stewards to utilize wealth wisely for the betterment of others.

Ultimately, wills in the Bible reflect a holistic approach to inheritance, ensuring justice, unity, and the lasting impact of one’s legacy.

In conclusion, the Bible offers wisdom on wills and inheritance, shedding light on their importance and the values they represent. It encourages believers to approach will writing with a mindset of stewardship and generosity, considering both the material and spiritual aspects of inheritance. By incorporating biblical principles into modern estate planning, we can ensure the fair distribution of our wealth and leave a lasting impact on future generations.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


Currently powered by GPT-4 AI