What Does the Bible Say About Sunday?

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A sun rising over a church steeple

The Bible has played a significant role in shaping and influencing the concepts and doctrines of Christianity. One such concept, that has both shaped and been shaped by interpretations of Biblical texts, is the significance of Sunday. The day is typically recognized by Christians as a day of worship and rest, this article aims to explore this concept in a biblical context.

Understanding the Significance of Sunday in Christianity

Before we delve into the specifics, it is imperative to understand the historical and spiritual significance of Sunday in Christianity. This day, oftentimes referred to as the “Lord’s Day”, holds a special place in the faith.

Sunday, being the first day of the week, gained prominence for a different reason. It was on this day that Christians believe Jesus Christ rose from the dead, an event of immense significance as it marks the victory over death and sin.

The biblical origin of Sunday can be traced back to the Genesis narrative. The creation story marks the beginning of time with a seven-day week, with the seventh day being a day of rest. This day of rest, known as the Sabbath, was observed by the Jewish people as a sacred day of worship and reflection.

However, with the resurrection of Jesus Christ, the significance of Sunday shifted. The early Christians, who were predominantly Jewish, began to gather on the first day of the week to commemorate the resurrection and celebrate the new life found in Christ.

Sunday in the New Testament

Several passages in the New Testament affirm the importance of Sunday. In the Acts of the Apostles, the believers are described as gathering together on the first day of the week to break bread (Acts 20:7). This gathering was not only a time of fellowship and communion but also a way to honor the resurrection of Jesus.

Additionally, in the Book of Revelation, John refers to Sunday as the ‘Lord’s Day’ (Revelation 1:10). It was on this day that John received the visions recorded in the book, emphasizing the significance of Sunday as a day of divine revelation and encounter.

The apostle Paul also referenced Sunday when instructing the Corinthians to set aside contributions on the first day of the week (1 Corinthians 16:2). This practice of giving on Sunday further solidified its importance as a day of worship and service.

As Christianity spread throughout the Roman Empire, Sunday began to emerge as a distinct day of worship, positioned in contrast to the Jewish Sabbath. The early Christians saw Sunday as a day to gather, worship, and honor the resurrection of Jesus, while the Jewish community continued to observe the Sabbath on Saturday.

Over time, Sunday became a central part of Christian tradition and liturgy. It became a day for believers to come together, hear the Word of God, partake in the Eucharist, and engage in acts of service and charity. Sunday became a day of rest, reflection, and renewal, symbolizing the hope and new life found in Christ.

Today, Sunday continues to hold great significance in Christianity. It remains a day when believers gather to worship, celebrate the resurrection, and find spiritual nourishment. It serves as a reminder of the central event in Christian history and the promise of eternal life.

The Sabbath Day: A Comparison with Sunday

In order to fully grasp the significance of Sunday in Christianity, it’s helpful to compare it to the Jewish Sabbath, a day given much prominence in the Old Testament.

The Sabbath in the Old Testament

Within the Old Testament, the Sabbath, observed from sunset on Friday until the appearance of three stars on Saturday night, was regarded as a holy day of rest. The fourth commandment was clear: “Remember the Sabbath day by keeping it holy” (Exodus 20:8). The mandating of rest served as a continual reminder of God’s creation and the Exodus from Egypt.

On the Sabbath, the Jewish people abstained from work and engaged in activities that fostered spiritual growth. It was a time for prayer, study, and reflection on the goodness of God’s creation. Families gathered together to share meals, sing hymns, and discuss the teachings of the Torah. The Sabbath was a day of rest, but it was also a day of joy and celebration.

As the sun set on Friday evening, a sense of anticipation filled the air. The Sabbath was about to begin, and the Jewish people eagerly embraced the opportunity to set aside their daily concerns and focus on their relationship with God. The Sabbath provided a rhythm to their lives, a weekly reminder of their covenant with God and their identity as His chosen people.

Transition from Sabbath to Sunday

In the post-resurrection era, there was a transition in terms of the day of communal worship from Sabbath to Sunday. While the Sabbath was marked by rest and reflection, Sunday became the symbol of the new creation, salvation, and resurrection. Early Christians began to gather for worship on Sunday as it symbolically represented the new beginning ushered in by Christ’s resurrection.

Sunday, also known as the Lord’s Day, held a special significance for the early Christian community. It was on a Sunday that Jesus Christ rose from the dead, conquering sin and death. This momentous event transformed the lives of the disciples and ignited a fervent belief in the power of Christ’s sacrifice.

On Sundays, the early Christians would come together to celebrate the Eucharist, the sacrament that commemorated Christ’s death and resurrection. They would sing hymns, listen to teachings from the apostles, and share in the breaking of bread. Sunday became a day of worship, fellowship, and spiritual renewal.

As the Christian faith spread throughout the Roman Empire, Sunday gradually gained recognition as a day of rest and worship. It became a legal holiday, allowing Christians to freely gather and express their devotion to God. The transition from Sabbath to Sunday was not without controversy, as some Jewish Christians continued to observe the Sabbath alongside the Lord’s Day. However, the majority of the early Church embraced Sunday as the day to honor Christ’s resurrection and gather in unity.

Today, Sunday remains a sacred day for Christians around the world. It is a time for believers to come together, to worship, to seek spiritual nourishment, and to find strength in the fellowship of fellow believers. Just as the Sabbath was a sign of God’s covenant with His people in the Old Testament, Sunday serves as a reminder of the new covenant established through Christ’s sacrifice.

Biblical Verses Related to Sunday

Various passages in the Bible articulate the early affinity towards Sunday. Sunday, also known as the Lord’s Day, holds significant importance in Christian tradition and is often seen as a day of rest and worship.

The Gospels, containing the life and teachings of Jesus, make frequent mention of Sunday. For instance, the resurrection narratives in all four Gospels mention the discovery of the empty tomb on the morning of the first day of the week (Matthew 28:1, Mark 16:2, Luke 24:1, and John 20:1). This event, known as the resurrection of Jesus Christ, is a cornerstone of Christian belief and serves as a powerful reminder of the hope and salvation that Sunday represents.

In addition to the resurrection, the Gospels also highlight other significant events that occurred on Sundays. For example, it was on a Sunday that Jesus triumphantly entered Jerusalem, riding on a donkey while crowds hailed him as the Messiah (Matthew 21:1-11, Mark 11:1-11, Luke 19:28-44, and John 12:12-19). This event, known as Palm Sunday, marks the beginning of Holy Week, a period of intense reflection and preparation leading up to Easter Sunday.

Paul’s letter to the Corinthians provides an early reference to a Sunday gathering (1 Corinthians 16:2). In this passage, Paul instructs the Corinthians to set aside a portion of their income on the first day of the week, emphasizing the importance of regular giving and communal support within the Christian community. This practice of gathering on Sundays for worship, teaching, and fellowship has been carried on by Christians throughout the centuries, serving as a time of spiritual renewal and connection with God and fellow believers.

Similarly, the book of Revelation, while not an epistle, refers to the ‘Lord’s Day’, which early Church fathers – including Ignatius and Justin Martyr – identified as Sunday (Revelation 1:10). The Lord’s Day is seen as a time of special significance, symbolizing the eternal rest and worship that believers will experience in the presence of God. It is a day to honor and glorify the Lord, to seek His guidance and wisdom, and to find solace and strength in His promises.

Throughout history, Sunday has remained a central day of worship for Christians worldwide. It is a day to come together as a community of faith, to celebrate the resurrection of Jesus Christ, and to be reminded of the hope and grace that He offers. Whether through attending church services, engaging in personal prayer and reflection, or spending quality time with loved ones, Sunday holds a special place in the hearts of believers as a day dedicated to honoring and drawing closer to God.

Sunday Worship in Early Christianity

The early Christians’ adoption of Sunday as the main day of worship has dominated church practice since then.

The Practice of the Early Church

Early Church writings from the likes of Ignatius of Antioch and Justin Martyr indicate that the Christian communities adopted Sunday as the primary day of worship and celebration of the Eucharist. It was seen not only as a commemoration of the resurrection but also as the day God began creation, thus adding an additional layer of theological significance to Sunday.

The Influence of the Resurrection

As the resurrection is central to Christian faith, Sunday as the day of the resurrection came to represent new creation, salvation, and the fulfillment of God’s promises in Christ. Hence, Christians came to mark Sunday not only as a day of worship, but also a day of joyous celebration of Christ’s victory over death.

Modern Interpretations of Sunday in Christianity

How the Christian community views the significance of Sunday has evolved from biblical times to the present.

Sunday as a Day of Rest

In many Christian denominations today, Sunday is considered a day of rest in commemoration of the seventh day rest after creation (Genesis 2:2-3). This concept is not limited to physical rest but also includes mental and spiritual restoration.

Sunday as a Day of Worship

The tradition of gathering on Sundays continues in churches worldwide, which carry out various religious practices including worship services, sermons, sacraments, and fellowship. These practices are part of the Christian commitment to remember and celebrate God’s work in the world through Jesus Christ, on this day that is steeped in historical and theological importance.

As such, Sunday remains a monumental day in the Christian tradition, firmly grounded in the faith community’s interpretation and application of biblical teaching.


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