What Does The Bible Say About The Lord’s Supper?

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A symbolic representation of the lord's supper

The Lord’s Supper, also known as Communion or the Eucharist, is a significant sacrament in Christianity. It is a time when believers gather together to remember the sacrificial death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. The Bible provides us with valuable insights into the concept, meaning, and practice of the Lord’s Supper. In this article, we will explore what the Bible says about this important tradition.

Understanding the Concept of The Lord’s Supper

The Lord’s Supper holds great significance for Christians worldwide. It is essential to understand the concept behind this sacred practice. By examining its origin and symbolism, we can gain a deeper appreciation for its significance in our faith.

Origin of The Lord’s Supper

The Lord’s Supper traces its roots back to the Last Supper, a Passover meal that Jesus shared with His disciples on the night before His crucifixion. During this meal, Jesus broke bread and shared wine, establishing a new covenant between God and His people.

The Last Supper took place in an upper room in Jerusalem, where Jesus and His disciples gathered to celebrate the Passover feast. As they reclined at the table, Jesus took a loaf of unleavened bread, gave thanks, and broke it. He then distributed it to His disciples, saying, “Take, eat; this is my body” (Matthew 26:26).

Similarly, Jesus took a cup of wine, gave thanks, and passed it to His disciples, saying, “Drink from it, all of you; for this is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins” (Matthew 26:27-28). In this act, Jesus established a new covenant, symbolizing His imminent sacrifice and the redemption of humanity.

The Symbolism of The Lord’s Supper

The Lord’s Supper is rich in symbolism, reflecting the central message of the Gospel. The bread represents the body of Christ, broken for our sins, while the wine symbolizes His blood, shed for our salvation. Participating in the Lord’s Supper is a solemn reminder of Christ’s sacrifice and the forgiveness of sins through His death and resurrection.

When Jesus referred to the bread as His body, He was alluding to the imminent crucifixion where His body would be broken for the salvation of humanity. Just as the bread is broken and shared among the disciples, Jesus’ body would be broken and offered to all who believe in Him.

Similarly, the wine symbolizes the blood of Christ, which was shed on the cross. Just as the wine is poured out and shared among the disciples, Jesus’ blood was poured out for the forgiveness of sins. The act of drinking the wine represents the acceptance of Jesus’ sacrifice and the appropriation of His forgiveness.

Participating in the Lord’s Supper is not merely a ritual but a profound act of remembrance and communion with Christ. It allows believers to reflect on the depth of God’s love and the sacrifice Jesus made for their salvation. It serves as a reminder of the new covenant established through Jesus’ death and resurrection, offering forgiveness, redemption, and eternal life to all who believe.

Throughout history, Christians have celebrated the Lord’s Supper as a means of drawing closer to God and fellow believers. It is a time of reflection, repentance, and renewal of faith. The Lord’s Supper is a unifying practice that brings believers together, reminding them of their common salvation and the hope they share in Christ.

As Christians partake in the Lord’s Supper, they are encouraged to examine themselves and their relationship with God. It is a time to confess sins, seek forgiveness, and renew their commitment to follow Christ. Through this sacred practice, believers are reminded of their ongoing need for God’s grace and the transformative power of His love in their lives.

Biblical References to The Lord’s Supper

The Bible contains several references to the Lord’s Supper, both in the New Testament and through the teachings of Jesus Christ. These passages provide valuable insights into the significance and practice of this sacred tradition.

The Lord’s Supper, also known as communion or the Eucharist, holds a central place in Christian worship. It is a commemoration of Jesus Christ’s sacrifice on the cross and a symbol of the believers’ union with Him.

In the New Testament, the Lord’s Supper is mentioned in multiple accounts. The Apostle Paul, in his letter to the Corinthians, emphasizes the importance of partaking in the Lord’s Supper with reverence and self-examination. He writes, “For as often as you eat this bread and drink the cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death until he comes” (1 Corinthians 11:26).

Paul’s words highlight the ongoing significance of the Lord’s Supper in the life of the church. It serves as a reminder of Christ’s redemptive work and a proclamation of His imminent return.

The Lord’s Supper in the New Testament

The Lord’s Supper is mentioned in several passages throughout the New Testament, shedding light on its practice and meaning. In the Gospel of Matthew, Jesus shares a meal with His disciples, taking bread, blessing it, and giving it to them, saying, “Take, eat; this is my body” (Matthew 26:26).

Similarly, in the Gospel of Mark, Jesus takes the cup, gives thanks, and says, “This is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many” (Mark 14:24). These words establish the significance of the bread and the cup as symbols of Christ’s body and blood, given for the salvation of humanity.

Furthermore, the Gospel of Luke recounts Jesus’ words during the Last Supper, where He says, “This is my body, which is given for you. Do this in remembrance of me” (Luke 22:19). Jesus’ instruction to “do this in remembrance of me” underscores the ongoing observance of the Lord’s Supper as a way to remember and honor His sacrifice.

Jesus Christ and The Lord’s Supper

The Gospels record Jesus’ institution of the Lord’s Supper during the Last Supper. Jesus instructed His disciples to partake in the bread and the cup in remembrance of Him. His teachings on communion emphasize the spiritual nourishment and unity that believers experience through this sacrament.

Jesus, as the ultimate sacrificial Lamb, offered Himself as a perfect atonement for the sins of humanity. Through the Lord’s Supper, believers are reminded of the depth of His love and the magnitude of His sacrifice.

Moreover, the Lord’s Supper serves as a unifying act for the body of Christ. As believers partake in the bread and the cup together, they express their shared faith and their unity in Christ. It is a sacred moment of fellowship and communion with God and one another.

In conclusion, the biblical references to the Lord’s Supper provide a rich tapestry of teachings and insights into this sacred tradition. From the New Testament accounts to Jesus’ own words, the significance of the Lord’s Supper as a symbol of Christ’s sacrifice and a means of spiritual nourishment and unity is evident. As believers partake in this holy sacrament, they are reminded of the profound love and grace of their Savior, Jesus Christ.

The Significance of The Lord’s Supper in Christianity

The Lord’s Supper holds immense significance in the Christian faith. It serves as a powerful reminder of our salvation and deepens our relationship with God. Let us explore the profound impact of the Lord’s Supper in two key aspects: salvation and worship.

The Lord’s Supper and Salvation

The Lord’s Supper reminds us of the redemptive work of Jesus Christ. By His sacrifice on the cross, He atoned for our sins and offered us eternal life. Through the solemn act of partaking in the bread and cup, believers express their faith in Christ and reaffirm their salvation.

The Lord’s Supper as a Form of Worship

Participating in the Lord’s Supper is a form of worship and spiritual communion. It allows believers to enter into a sacred space of connection with God and fellow believers. Through this act of worship, Christians express their devotion, gratitude, and commitment to following Christ’s teachings.

The Practice of The Lord’s Supper in Modern Churches

The practice of the Lord’s Supper varies across different Christian denominations and churches. Let us delve into two aspects of its practice: frequency and variations.

Frequency and Timing of The Lord’s Supper

The frequency of observing the Lord’s Supper varies among churches, ranging from weekly to monthly or even quarterly. While there is no definitive biblical instruction regarding its frequency, churches choose an approach that aligns with their theological beliefs and traditions.

Variations in The Lord’s Supper Across Denominations

Christian denominations may have different practices and interpretations of the Lord’s Supper. Some churches use unleavened bread and wine or grape juice, while others may opt for leavened bread or non-alcoholic alternatives. These variations highlight the diversity of Christian traditions while maintaining the central significance of Christ’s sacrifice.

Controversies and Misunderstandings About The Lord’s Supper

Despite the importance and centrality of the Lord’s Supper in Christianity, controversies and misunderstandings have emerged over time. Let us explore some of the common misconceptions and debates surrounding this sacred practice.

Common Misconceptions About The Lord’s Supper

One common misconception is the belief that the bread and wine in the Lord’s Supper become the literal body and blood of Christ. However, most Christian traditions view the elements as symbolic of Christ’s sacrifice, rather than undergoing a transformation.

Debates on The Lord’s Supper Within Christianity

Throughout history, various theological debates have arisen regarding the nature and significance of the Lord’s Supper. These debates encompass topics such as the presence of Christ in the elements, the understanding of spiritual nourishment, and the role of the Holy Spirit during communion.


The Lord’s Supper holds a significant place in the Christian faith. Understanding its biblical foundation, practicing it with reverence, and engaging in meaningful communion with God and fellow believers are integral aspects of living out our faith. The Lord’s Supper serves as a powerful reminder of Christ’s sacrifice, our salvation, and the unity of believers in the body of Christ.


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